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QUESTION: What Do You Think About Lettuce Farming In Nigeria? Lucrative Or Not?

Nigeria Student Forum / Questions / Agriculture / What Do You Think About Lettuce Farming In Nigeria? Lucrative Or Not?

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Nofiu Ridwan
National open university of Nigeria (Noun)
Bsc. Economic
300Level, Nigeria.
Lettuce farming is a typical vegetable product use for an assortment of dishes in Nigeria. In pretty much every occasion, salad is never missing.

However, a typical meal is the serving of mixed greens. It makes it a monetarily reasonable yield you can develop. The interest for lettuce is never in uncertainty.

Moreover, there are off curest periods and top periods. Along these lines, you should know the elements of the market and strategize enough. Lettuce cultivating can be exceptionally fulfilling on the off chance that you comprehend what to do. Thus it does not have enthusiasm without learning.

This article tries to control you on the best way to cultivate and popularize lettuce.


Land Preparation for Lettuce Farming
It is an essential piece of lettuce farming. While picking a land for lettuce farming, you ought to consider a very much sandy topsoil. This aide in giving the ideal required.

Waterlogged or wet soils ought to support a strategic distance. There is little air circulation on the ground which corrupts the dirt structure. Subsequently applying natural excrement can help reestablish soil structure in such soils. It can use on dirt sort and for lettuce farming.

Its moderate supplement discharge holds soil fruitfulness.

Nursery Cultivation
Lettuce plant should be possible in an assortment of ways. A few ranchers incline toward planting in a nursery before transplanting. Different ranchers plant it correctly to its lasting area. Picking any of these relies upon your capability. Non can be said to be better to the next.

It is because every strategy addresses the issues of its clients. A nursery bed is shaped by working the dirt and smoothing it spread water. Furrows are set apart for little inn seeds sprinkled daintily and equally along the sections. The soil is gently separated with the hands equitably over the bed.

Also, it smoothes out the notches. These notches ought to be to such an extent that they don’t surpass an inch down.

Stalks grass are used to cover the highest point of the bed. It is to manage coordinate daylight and (water system) or rain. Coordinate daylight may wilt off the young plants. Watering can be utilized in the nursery as it decreases occurrences of young plants uncovered.


Transplanting Your Lettuce
It is the following stage in the wake of planting in the nursery. These yields should stay at the nursery for a time of 2 to 3 weeks. You can transplant them onto edges or still make a bed.

As the made reference to before, it develops best on sandy topsoil soils. Space is imperative to factor while developing lettuce on a business scale.

Therefore, it will be best to consider applying natural fertilizer.

Separating ought to be from 6 to 10 inches separated to give sufficient space to the yield to bloom.

Water system Farming
The majority of our talk is on rainy season farming. This vegetable yield can develop throughout the entire year. This way once there is a waterway, for example, a stream, dam, watercourse or a borehole, you can serenely develop your lettuce.

It is essential to take note of that another critical necessity arrives. It is the crucial prerequisite for salad cultivating or any growing so far as that is concerned. Water system growing alludes to the counterfeit diverting of water to develop your product. It amid the dry or harmattan season.

Tending Your Crop
It is the place a majority of the work lies. Meeting the above prerequisites isn’t sufficient. You should care for or tend your yield. It is of most extreme significance to how well your product develops.

The most vital piece of the lettuce edit are the takes off. Shockingly these are the most defenseless against irritation and bug assaults subsequently the need to apply pesticides/bug sprays. The recurrence of applying these relies upon the seriousness of attacks.

Anyway, the recurrence of use when it achieves development. It can cause a wellbeing danger to customers which isn’t useful for business. It is a business you can do that can bring you millions on the off chance that you pursue the correct technique.

Arranging your items should be possible by visiting the local vegetable market in your state to test current estimating and furthermore to publicize your details. Big time players in the business frequently purchase off the whole harvest on the homestead.

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What Do You Think About Lettuce Farming In Nigeria? Lucrative Or Not? - Agriculture

2 UpVotes

Fadeyi Oluwaseun
Ladoke Akintola University Ogbomosho
B.tech Marketing Management
200Level, Nigeria.

Lettuce is one of the popular vegetables used in preparing salad that is grown all over the world. Its crispy, green/crimson-red leaves are one of the incredible sources of essential nutrients that benefit health. lettuce belong to to the daisy family known as Asteraceae. It's a leafy vegetable that can be consumed raw.

Lettuce farming was first done by the ancient Egyptians who turned it from a weed whose seeds were used to produce oil, into a food plant grown for its succulent leaves and oil-rich seeds. Lettuce spread to the Greeks and Romans, the latter of whom gave it the name lactuca, from which the English lettuce is ultimately derived. By 50 AD, many types were described, and lettuce appeared often in medieval writings, including several herbals



Health Benefits of lettuce

Low Calorie Content and almost no fat.
Lettuce has only 12 calories for 1 shredded cup.
This is why it is so good for weight loss.

High in Fiber and Cellulose
Another reason it is good for weight loss.
This fiber also helps remove bile salts from the body. When the body replaces these salts it breaks down cholesterol to do so. This is why lettuce is also good for your heart!

Heart Healthy
Lettuce’s vitamin C and beta-carotene work together to prevent the oxidation of cholesterol. This prevents the build up of plaque.

Omega-3 Fatty acids.
Romaine lettuce has a 2/1 ratio of omega-3 to omega-6. That’s a great ratio.
The fat content in lettuce is not significant UNLESS you eat a lot but we actually suggest you do.

Complete Protein
Romaine lettuce has 20 % of its calories in protein. Like all whole foods, much of this protein is complete but that amount can be increased by combining with balancing proteins.



Varieties Of Lettuce

These varieties are commonly used in cultivating lettuce:

Romaine or cos lettuce varieties form an upright, elongated head.
Loose-leaf or leaf types have leaves of various shapes loosely arranged around the stem.
Crisphead lettuces form a dense, compact head surrounded by a few looser leaves.
Butterhead (also commonly called Bibb, Boston or Buttercrunch) varieties form very loose heads of tender, sweetly flavored leaves.
Stem lettuce varieties have elongated leaves with a very bitter flavor and are commonly used in Chinese cuisine.


Climatic Requirement For Lettuce Farming

Lettuce does well in cool environment. Temperatures of between 45° F and 65° F are ideal for cultivating lettuce.Lettuce generally do not strive very well in tropic climates,although The leafy types mature quickly and are more suited for warm climates.Lettuce can be grown year round with proper varieties.

Soil Requirements For Lettuce Farming

Lettuce can grow well in a variety of soils, but the best soil to grow lettuce is friable loamy soil with high water retention and good drainage.

The best soil pH for lettuce is between 5.5-6.5. It is important you go for soil test before planting if you are growing in commercial quantity.



PLANTING

Land Preparation

You have prepare the land to get a fine tilt by ploughing about 3-4 times. Ensure you add organic matter after soil test.

Propagation

Lettuce is planted using the seeds.



You can spread the seed very thinly along a row and cover lightly with soil, or sprinkle it over a bed and rake it in. Lettuce seed is very fine and not easy to spread evenly, therefore both methods will likely require you to thin your seedlings later.

Another way you can propagate lettuce is through cutting

Here cuttings from old harvests may be used in the beds of new plantings. Cutting will also promote new shoots to develop and the heads to grow at a faster rate





Seed Rate And Planting Distance

Sow lettuce seeds thinly in rows 1 foot apart, plant seeds ½ inch deep.; for leaf types, thin plants to 2-3 inches apart, then thin again by pulling every other plant when half grown. This will encourage thickly developed plants.

For head, Bibb, and cos types, space rows 18 inches apart, plants 8-10 inches apart. Closer spacing results in smaller heads, which may be preferable for small families. A hectare of land requires about 2-3kg of lettuce seeds for planting. The optimum soil temperature for lettuce is about 20°-22°C



Irrigation in lettuce farming

Uniform moisture is necessary for proper growth of lettuce, so you have to irrigate your farm once in every 4-5 days. Make sure you drain out excess water especially when there is heavy rain.



Manuring And Fertilizing A Lettuce farm

Lettuce responds very well to manure and fertilizer, it is necessary to do this application on time. For better yield you should apply about 60-65kg each of potash and phosphorus and about 8-10 tonnes of farm yard manure per hectare.

Management practices In Lettuce Farming

To encourage crop growth and yield you need to carry out hoeing and weeding practices in your farm.

Mulching is an excellent practice and one that will enable your lettuce to thrive. It helps the soil retain moisture so that less water is lost through evaporation. It also discourages weed growth.



Diseases And Insects

Lettuce is attacked by aphids, armyworms, imported cabbage worm, and loopers.

Damping-off is a serious disease of young seedlings, whereas mildews and sclerotinia are serious on the more mature plants.

Both insects and diseases can be controlled if the correct chemicals are properly applied. Consult your Cooperative Extension agent regarding pest build-up, proper diagnosis, and control.

Harvesting Of Lettuce

Lettuce farming takes about two months to mature depending on the variety, however the first harvesting should be done at about 40- 60 days.Before maturity, you can harvest leaf lettuce by simply removing outer leaves so that the center leaves can continue to grow. Butterhead or romaine types can be harvested by removing the outer leaves, digging up the whole plant or cutting the plant about an inch above the soil surface. A second harvest is often possible this way.

Marketing Of Lettuce

Due to the short shelf life of lettuce it is important that you transport it immediately to your customers immediately after harvest.Before embarking on lettuce farming you need to get buyers for your lettuce to avoid spoiling of the vegetable after harvest due its short shelf life.

Source : http://theprofarmer.com/the-complete-guide-to-lettuce-farming/

What Do You Think About Lettuce Farming In Nigeria? Lucrative Or Not? - Agriculture

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