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Have you noticed a hardening or thickening of your skin underfoot? Wondering what it is? While there is little need to be alarmed, calluses should be kept in check to prevent health issues from developing.
According to the Mayo Clinic, calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop to protect itself against friction and pressure. They typically develop on the feet and toes from friction due to shoes that are too tight, causing the foot to compress, or shoes that are too loose, causing the foot to slide and rub against the shoe. Adding to these issues are today’s popular no-sock look, which can also cause friction between the skin and shoe.
Calluses may be unsightly or even annoying, but that doesn’t mean they’re always bad for your health since they offer protection, according to podiatrist Dr. Johanna Youner, of Park Avenue Podiatry Center in New York. For example, in a healthy person, calluses, especially in the summer when wearing sandals, can help prevent blisters from forming, said Dr. Youner.
According to Dr. Mika Hayashi, a New York-based podiatrist, while in healthy individuals, calluses can protect an area of the foot from excessive pressure, if they protrude too much, they can be uncomfortable. “It can feel as if you’re walking on spike shoes used for soccer,” she said.
The remedy? Dr. Hayashi suggests calluses be trimmed back to the skin surface level, thereby once again increasing the contact area between the foot and the ground, decreasing pressure.
New York-based podiatrist Dr. Paul Eckstein said trimming of calluses should never be done with a razor blade or knife by patients themselves. Podiatrists, he said, can safely trim them, pad them, or prescribe or dispense orthotics to help alleviate or prevent them from developing.
There are, however, instances when calluses can have serious health consequences. Dr. Youner warns, if someone suffers from diabetes, calluses can prevent them from feeling pain and lead to health issues. “If you feel pain,” she warns, it is time to see a doctor.

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