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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.
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Whenever man achieves the next unbelievable
feat there are those who actively try to refute
that it actually happened. These conspiracy
theorists, however crazy, always look for some
miniscule or otherwise ridiculous reasoning
behind the outstanding achievement to validate
their claim. When man, or more specifically
the US, first stepped foot on the surface of the
moon during the Apollo 11 mission on the
20 th July 1969 the world was in awe at these
heroes, finally signaling that the unreachable
was a reality, this event was no exception to
the conspiracy rule though. Here we’re going
to look at 5 common myths that conspiracy
theorists use to deny that the moon landing
actually occurred.

The astronauts’ footprints are too

One of the main theories disputing the success
of the moon landing would be that the
astronauts’ famous prints on the moon are too
clear for them to be made on a completely dry
world. For the prints to be that defined they
would have to have been made in a substance
like wet sand but this is complete nonsense.

Moon dust, or regolith as it’s known, is a
finely ground powder similar in appearance to
volcanic ash. When a foot, or any object, is
pressed into this substance it compresses very
easily into the shape of the object, for example
a boot. As a result of the moon’s airless
vacuum, the shapes created could stay pristine
for a long time.

The shadows are pointing in different directions.

Another major area of dispute is that there
appears to be multiple light sources on the
photographs causing shadows to shoot off in
different directions but how is this possible
when the Sun is the only thing surely capable
of producing enough light on the moon, they
credit the cause of the other light sources to
possible studio lighting. Roger Launius, a space
historian, explains the actual reason behind
the apparent multiple sources; “You’ve got the
sun, the Earth’s reflected light, light reflecting
off the lunar module, the spacesuits and the
lunar surface.” and these all cause light
manipulation. The main reason though is, as
we all know, the moon’s surface is anything
but flat and if something is sat in a dip or
raised upon a hill, of course a different
shadow is going to be produced when
compared to something beside it that’s on a
flat, higher or lower surface.

There’s no impact crater.

“But the craft had no impact crater below it”
they shout! True, the photographs of the moon
lander does indeed show that the craft has no
visible impact crater below it but there is a
reason for this. The engines of the moon
lander were throttled back prior to landing,
and it just didn’t hover long enough to form a
crater or kick up that much dust, that’s all it
is. Launius, once again holding the flag of
reason, said. “Science fiction movies depict
this big jet of fire coming out as a spacecraft
land, but that’s not how they did it on the
moon”. NASA backs up this theory, saying that
the lander would have needed much less thrust
in the low-gravity than if it was on Earth.

the moon’s surface is solid rock covered with
the previously mentioned substance known as
regolith, so a crater actually being formed,
digging away at the ground, would require a
huge amount of force. It’s just like how an
airplane doesn’t leave a huge crater on a
concrete airstrip when it touches down.

Where are all the stars in the photographs?

Conspiracy theorists point to the fact, that
understandably there are no stars in the
photographs taken from the moon. NASA you
silly people, you forgot to turn on the satin
covered light wall how dare you! The real
reason is much simpler. It’s difficult to
capture something very bright and something
very dim on the same bit of film – typical
emulsions don’t have enough “dynamic range.”

Astronauts wandering across the bright lunar
soil in their sunlit spacesuits were quite
literally dazzling. Setting a camera with the
proper exposure for these conditions would
naturally render background stars too faint to
see, because you know the spacesuits
wandering across the moon is kind of the main
focus not so much the twinkly lights behind
them. Most photographers can attest to this

The flag is flapping in the wind.

One of the main claims made by those who
disbelieve the Apollo 11 landing is that the
American flag was seen ‘flapping’ on the
surface of the Moon and indeed it shouldn’t be
as there isn’t any wind on the moon!? No
they’re right, of course there isn’t any air on
the moon or very little gravity but there is
momentum and inertia. The flag was made of
nylon, for a more rigid and stable design, it
was placed on a telescopic flag pole with a side
pole protruding frontward that the flag was
slid onto via a hem sewn into the flag itself to
give it to illusion it was square and flying. The
fabric of the flag was moved around while
being set in position. When the astronauts
were planting the flagpole they turned it back
and forth to dig into the lunar soil so of
course the flag waved! Unfurling any rolled
cloth with stored angular momentum will
result in waves, ripples and movement, and
without a breeze it won’t stop instantly.

When Neil Armstrong uttered those famous
words, “Houston, Tranquility Base here. The
Eagle has landed.” To NASA’s Mission Control
base, it symbolized a new era, man had
officially made it to another location in space!
Capsule Commander Charles Duke summarized
the sheer effort and anticipation those
involved felt, after receiving the message he
said “Roger, Twank…Tranquility, we copy you
on the ground. You got a bunch of guys about
to turn blue here. We’re breathing again.
Thanks a lot!”

Now don’t get me wrong, everyone is of
course entitled to their own opinion, whether
it’s the existence of aliens in Area-51 or the
fact this mind-blowing achievement of man
was nothing more than a hoax, I understand
but please do your research, use reputable


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