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Junior Taamas
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Ruth Bader Ginsburg (/ˈbeɪdər
ˈɡɪnzbɜːrɡ/ , born Joan Ruth Bader
; March
15, 1933) [1] is an American lawyer and
jurist who is an Associate Justice of the U.S.
Supreme Court. Ginsburg was appointed by
President Bill Clinton and took the oath of
office on August 10, 1993. She is the
second female justice (after Sandra Day
O'Connor ) of four to be confirmed to the
court (along with Sonia Sotomayor and Elena
Kagan , who are still serving). Following
O'Connor's retirement, and until Sotomayor
joined the court, Ginsburg was the only
female justice on the Supreme Court.
During that time, Ginsburg became more
forceful with her dissents, which were
noted by legal observers and in popular
culture. She is generally viewed as belonging
to the liberal wing of the court. Ginsburg
has authored notable majority opinions,
including United States v. Virginia , Olmstead
v. L.C. , and Friends of the Earth, Inc. v.
Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc.

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Incumbent

Assumed office:
August 10, 1993

Appointed by: Bill Clinton

Preceded by: Byron White


Judge of the United States Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia
Circuit

In office

June 30, 1980 – August 9, 1993

Appointed by: Jimmy Carter

Preceded by: Harold Leventhal

Succeeded by: David Tatel


Personal details

Born: Joan Ruth Bader
March 15, 1933 (age 86)
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.

Spouse(s): Martin Ginsburg
(m. 1954; died 2010)

Children: Jane C. Ginsburg
James Steven Ginsburg

Education: Cornell University ( BA)
Harvard University
(attended)
Columbia University ( JD)

Ruth Bader Ginsburg is a U.S. Supreme
Court justice, the second woman to be
appointed to the position.

Who Is Ruth Bader Ginsburg?
Born on March 15, 1933, in Brooklyn,
New York, Ruth Bader Ginsburg graduated
from Columbia Law School, going on to
become a staunch courtroom advocate for
the fair treatment of women and working
with the ACLU’s Women’s Rights Project.
She was appointed by President Carter to
the U.S. Court of Appeals in 1980 and was
appointed to the Supreme Court by
President Clinton in 1993.

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Biography: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born 1933; Supreme Court Justice) - Biography

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Early Life & Education

Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg was born Ruth
Joan Bader on March 15, 1933, in
Brooklyn, New York. The second daughter
of Nathan and Celia Bader, she grew up in
a low-income, working-class neighborhood
in Brooklyn. Ginsburg's mother, who was a
major influence in her life, taught her the
value of independence and a good
education.

Celia herself did not attend college, but
instead worked in a garment factory to
help pay for her brother's college
education, an act of selflessness that
forever impressed Ginsburg. At James
Madison High School in Brooklyn,
Ginsburg worked diligently and excelled in
her studies. Sadly, her mother struggled
with cancer throughout Ginsburg's high
school years and died the day before
Ginsburg's graduation.

"My mother told me two things
constantly. One was to be a lady,
and the other was to be
independent.”


Husband Martin Ginsburg

Ginsburg earned her bachelor's degree in
government from Cornell University in
1954, finishing first in her class. She
married law student Martin D. Ginsburg
that same year. The early years of their
marriage were challenging, as their first
child, Jane, was born shortly after Martin
was drafted into the military in 1954. He
served for two years and, after his
discharge, the couple returned to Harvard,
where Ginsburg also enrolled.

At Harvard, Ginsburg learned to balance
life as a mother and her new role as a law
student. She also encountered a very male-
dominated, hostile environment, with only
eight other females in her class of more
than 500. The women were chided by the
law school's dean for taking the places of
qualified males. But Ginsburg pressed on
and excelled academically, eventually
becoming the first female member of the
prestigious Harvard Law Review .

Arguing for Gender Equality

Then, another challenge: Martin
contracted testicular cancer in 1956,
requiring intensive treatment and
rehabilitation. Ruth Ginsburg attended to
her young daughter and convalescing
husband, taking notes for him in classes
while she continued her own law studies.

Martin recovered, graduated from law
school, and accepted a position at a New
York law firm.

To join her husband in New York City,
Ginsburg transferred to Columbia Law
School, where she was elected to the
school's law review. She graduated first in
her class in 1959. Despite her outstanding
academic record, however, Ginsburg
continued to encounter gender
discrimination while seeking employment
after graduation.

After clerking for U.S. District Judge
Edmund L. Palmieri (1959–61), Ginsburg
taught at Rutgers University Law School
(1963–72) and at Columbia (1972–80),
where she became the school's first
female tenured professor. During the
1970s, she also served as the director of
the Women's Rights Project of the
American Civil Liberties Union, for which
she argued six landmark cases on gender
equality before the U.S. Supreme Court.

However, Ginsburg also believed that the
law was gender-blind and all groups were
entitled to equal rights. One of the five
cases she won before the Supreme Court
involved a portion of the Social Security
Act that favored women over men because
it granted certain benefits to widows but
not widowers.

On the Supreme Court

In 1980 President Jimmy Carter appointed
Ruth Bader Ginsburg to the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia. She
served there until she was appointed to
the U.S. Supreme Court in 1993 by
President Bill Clinton, selected to fill the
seat vacated by Justice Byron White.
President Clinton wanted a replacement
with the intellect and political skills to
deal with the more conservative members
of the Court.

The Senate Judiciary Committee hearings
were unusually friendly, despite frustration
expressed by some senators over
Ginsburg's evasive answers to hypothetical
situations. Several expressed concern over
how she could transition from social
advocate to Supreme Court Justice. In the
end, she was easily confirmed by the
Senate, 96–3.

"I – try to teach through my
opinions, through my speeches,
how wrong it is to judge people on
the basis of what they look like,
color of their skin, whether they’re
men or women."


As a judge, Ruth Ginsburg favors caution,
moderation and restraint. She is
considered part of the Supreme Court's
moderate-liberal bloc presenting a strong
voice in favor of gender equality, the
rights of workers and the separation of
church and state. In 1996 Ginsburg wrote
the Supreme Court's landmark decision in
United States v. Virginia , which held that
the state-supported Virginia Military
Institute could not refuse to admit women.

In 1999 she won the American Bar
Association's Thurgood Marshall Award for
her contributions to gender equality and
civil rights.

'Bush v. Gore'

Despite her reputation for restrained
writing, she gathered considerable
attention for her dissenting opinion in the
case of Bush v. Gore , which effectively
decided the 2000 presidential election
between George W. Bush and Al Gore .

Objecting to the court's majority opinion
favoring Bush, Ginsburg deliberately and
subtly concluded her decision with the
words, "I dissent" — a significant
departure from the tradition of including
the adverb "respectfully."

On June 27, 2010, Ruth Bader Ginsburg's
husband, Martin, died of cancer. She
described Martin as her biggest booster
and "the only young man I dated who
cared that I had a brain." Married for 56
years, the relationship between Ruth and
Martin was said to differ from the norm:
Martin was gregarious, loved to entertain
and tell jokes while Ginsburg was serious,
soft-spoken and shy.

Martin provided a reason for their
successful union: "My wife doesn't give me
any advice about cooking and I don't give
her any advice about the law." A day after
her husband's death, she was at work on
the Court for the last day of the 2010
term.

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Biography: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born 1933; Supreme Court Justice) - Biography

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Historic Rulings

In 2015 Ginsburg sided with the majority
in two landmark Supreme Court rulings.
On June 25th she was one of the six
justices to uphold a critical component of
the 2010 Affordable Care Act — often
referred to as Obamacare — in King v.
Burwell. The decision allows the federal
government to continue providing
subsidies to Americans who purchase
health care through "exchanges,"
regardless of whether they are state or
federally operated. The majority ruling,
read by Chief Justice John Roberts, was a
massive victory for President Barack
Obama and made the Affordable Care Act
difficult to undo. Conservative justices
Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito and
Antonin Scalia were in dissent, with Scalia
presenting a scathing dissenting opinion to
the Court.

On June 26th, the Supreme Court handed
down its second historic decision in as
many days, with a 5–4 majority ruling in
Obergefell v. Hodges that made same sex
marriage legal in all 50 states. Ginsburg is
considered to have been instrumental in
the decision, having shown public support
for the idea in past years by officiating
same-sex marriages and by challenging
arguments against it during the early
proceedings of the case. She was joined in
the majority by Justices Anthony Kennedy ,
Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and
Elena Kagan, with Roberts reading the
dissenting opinion this time.

Liberal Darling

Ginsburg notably opposed the potential of
a Donald Trump presidency in 2016, at
one point calling him a "faker," before
apologizing for publicly commenting on
the campaign. In January 2018, after the
president released a list of Supreme Court
candidates in preparation for the looming
retirement of elderly justices, the 84-year-
old Ginsburg signaled she wasn't going
anywhere by hiring a full slate of clerks
through 2020. The issue of her staying
power loomed large later in the year when
Justice Kennedy, who often sided with the
court's liberal bloc, announced he was
stepping down at the end of July, though
Ginsburg at that time revealed that she
hoped to stick around for at least five
more years.

'RBG' Movie

Also in January, Ginsburg appeared at the
2018 Sundance Film Festival to accompany
the premiere of the documentary RBG .

Touching on the #MeToo movement, she
recalled an earlier time when she had to
put up with the advances of a Cornell
University professor. She also gave her
seal of approval for Kate McKinnon ’s sassy
portrayal of her on Saturday Night Live,
noting, "I would like to say 'Ginsburned'
sometimes to my colleagues."

In an interview with CNN's Poppy Harlow
at Columbia University in February,
Ginsburg expanded on her thoughts
regarding the #MeToo movement, saying
its "staying power" would enable it to
survive a backlash. She also defended the
importance of a free press and an
independent judiciary, both of which had
been challenged during the Trump
administration.

In April 2018, Ginsburg notched another
career milestone by assigning a majority
opinion for the first time in her 25 years
with the court. The ruling for Sessions v.
Dimaya, which drew attention for
conservative Neil Gorsuch 's decision to
vote with his liberal colleagues, struck
down a provision of the Immigration and
Nationality Act that allowed the
deportation of any foreign national
convicted of a "crime of violence."
Holding seniority among the
majority, Ginsburg ultimately assigned the
task of penning the opinion to Elena
Kagan.

Book

In 2016 Ginsburg released My Own Words ,
a memoir that consists of her writings that
date as far back as her junior high school
years. The book became a New York Times
Best Seller .


Citation Information

Article Title
Ruth Bader Ginsburg Biography

Author
Biography.com Editors

Website Name
The Biography.com website

URL
www.biography.com/law-figure/ruth-bader-ginsburg

Access Date
Tuesday May 21, 2019

Publisher
A&E Television Networks

Last Updated
April 18, 2019

Original Published Date
April 2, 2014
Biography: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born 1933; Supreme Court Justice) - Biography

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Yemaro
, Nigeria.

[ @Taamas222: ] Ruth Bader Ginsburg (/ˈbeɪdər
ˈɡɪnzbɜːrɡ/ , born Joan Ruth Bader
; March
15, 1933) [1] is an American lawyer and
jurist who is an Associate Justice of the U.S.
Supreme Court. Ginsburg was appointed by
President Bill Clinton and took the oath of
office on August 10, 1993. She is the
second female justice (after Sandra Day
O'Connor ) of four to be confirmed to the
court (along with Sonia Sotomayor and Elena
Kagan , who are still serving). Following
O'Connor's retirement, and until Sotomayor
joined the court, Ginsburg was the only
female justice on the Supreme Court.
During that time, Ginsburg became more
forceful with her dissents, which were
noted by legal observers and in popular
culture. She is generally viewed as belonging
to the liberal wing of the court. Ginsburg
has authored notable majority opinions,
including United States v. Virginia , Olmstead
v. L.C. , and Friends of the Earth, Inc. v.
Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc.

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Incumbent

Assumed office:
August 10, 1993

Appointed by: Bill Clinton

Preceded by: Byron White


Judge of the United States Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia
Circuit

In office

June 30, 1980 – August 9, 1993

Appointed by: Jimmy Carter

Preceded by: Harold Leventhal

Succeeded by: David Tatel


Personal details

Born: Joan Ruth Bader
March 15, 1933 (age 86)
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.

Spouse(s): Martin Ginsburg
(m. 1954; died 2010)

Children: Jane C. Ginsburg
James Steven Ginsburg

Education: Cornell University ( BA)
Harvard University
(attended)
Columbia University ( JD)

Ruth Bader Ginsburg is a U.S. Supreme
Court justice, the second woman to be
appointed to the position.

Who Is Ruth Bader Ginsburg?
Born on March 15, 1933, in Brooklyn,
New York, Ruth Bader Ginsburg graduated
from Columbia Law School, going on to
become a staunch courtroom advocate for
the fair treatment of women and working
with the ACLU’s Women’s Rights Project.
She was appointed by President Carter to
the U.S. Court of Appeals in 1980 and was
appointed to the Supreme Court by
President Clinton in 1993.

Continue Reading Below

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