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Environmental Integrity In Nigeria And Challenge Of Crude Oil Theft

Nigeria Student Forum / Educational News / Environmental Integrity In Nigeria And Challenge Of Crude Oil Theft

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Etido James
AKPOLY
Mass Communication
400Level, Nigeria.
ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY IN NIGERIA AND CHALLENGE OF CRUDE OIL THEFT

What is Environmental Integrity?
In an attempt to understand the meaning of the phrase “environmental integrity”, this paper, shall attempt to separate the phrase to enable it arrive at a definition. While the phrase “Environmental” concerns with the environment; connected with the natural conditions in which people, animals and plant live”. The term integrity connotes uprightness, honesty, purity entireness, wholeness; the unimpaired state of anything. Given the above meanings to the phrase, it follows that environmental integrity is the retainment of the pure state, the unimpaired state of the natural conditions in which people, animals and plant live in all human endeavours. Environmental integrity has also been defined as the sustenance of important biophysical processes which support plant and animal life and which must be allowed to continue without significant change. The objective is to assure the continued health of essential life support systems of nature, including air, water, and soil by protecting the resistance, diversity and purity of natural communities (ecosystems) within the environment. Stricto senso, environmental integrity paints a picture of an environment void of all forms of pollution from all polluting sources, which are basically the making of human activities in its quest for survival ranging from pollution from industries, homes, etc. This means that human survival and development cannot exist without pollution and because this state is unattainable, i.e. (humans cannot just still and await death) the concept of environmental integrity will now mean an effort by humans to maintain a sustainability of environmental resources of the environment in all aspects of its activities through its conducts, applicability of its working tools and through regulations applied in such a way as to improve all the components of the environment and not to degrade same. ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY IN NIGERIA Flowing from the above definition of what environmental integrity connotes, the question that arises is what is the state of environment in Nigeria? How Environmental integrity maintained in Nigeria? In the quest for economic development, Nigeria veered in industrialization at independence. The first decade (1960 – 1970) of Nigeria’s independence witnessed government plan to promote growth of industries in order to contribute directly to economic growth and national development. In the 1970’s two of the most applauded goals of the national development plans were:
Increase in self reliance in the supply of industrial products and factor inputs. Develop and support small and medium scale industries and their contribution to manufacturing.
In 1990s, the government targeted, among others:

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