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Stats: 16,673 members, 64,025 Topics, 14,571 Comments. Date: March 25, 2019, 8:49 am

kachi Grace
, Nigeria.
Undergraduate projects have certain unique properties that define them. In most cases, these properties are universal and very much acceptable except for few disparities in some fields of study. That notwithstanding, the ones we are going to talk about are indispensable as far as undergraduate project topics is concerned.

The following are 15 things you must find in an undergraduate project;
• Abstract
• Background to the study/ Introduction
• Statement of the problem
• Scope of the study
• Objective of the study
• Research question
• Limitation of the study
• Research methodology
• Research design
• Discussion of finding
• Summary
• Conclusion
• References
• Bibliography
• Appendix

Abstract: Here, the researcher gives a concise hint and summary about the entire research. This includes the research objective, the research method, the findings and the recommendation.

Background of the study/ Introduction: This part of the project details where a research idea is drawn from. There is always that ‘one thing’ that makes a researcher undertake a project topic. The background explains all these and gives a leeway to what the research is up to.

Statement of problem: Just as the name implies, it states categorically the issues that spiked the project topic in the first place.

Scope of the study/ Limitation of the study: Here the project researcher states the limit he/she can go as far as the research is concerned.

Research objectives: This section permits the researcher to state specifically and numerically what he intends to accomplish in the course of the research.

Research Questions: Same way it is called, the researcher raises questions from the research objectives as to issues that require answers to the research.

Review of literature: At this point in an undergraduate research, students are expected to do a sort of exposition on their research. In this case, they are expected to discuss the opinions of scholars and previous researches that has gone before on that topic and related topics.

Methodology: The research details the method he wishes to use to get results for his research. It includes the research technique used, the instrument for data gathering and the likes.

Discussion of findings: Finally, the researcher first presents a tabular explanation of the research findings and explains their significance alongside.

Summary: Like the name goes, this part rounds off the research and very few statements. This also applies to the conclusion.

References: This part of a research contains the list of every research work that has been cited in the course of the research. This process follows stipulated guidelines which vary most times with institutions.

Appendix: Every other attachment be it questionnaire, coding sheet, table or any other thing used in the course of the research is usually attached as an appendix in an undergraduate research.

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