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Stats: 17,449 members, 69,230 Topics, 15,444 Comments. Date: Jun 16 2019, 7:33 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.

Salam aleikum, Although talaq is not
encouraged, even disliked, in Islam, I read
that a lot of the Prophet's companions
and other people living in his time divorced
their wives. How could this be explained?

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

Divorce is not disliked in all cases, but it can
be disliked, forbidden, obligatory, desirable
and permissible.
Divorce is permissible for a need, like due to
the misconduct of the wife, and when the
husband is harmed by her while the
objective of marriage is not achieved.
Divorce is disliked when there is no need for
it, as this will terminate the marriage
contract which has many desirable benefits.
Some of the people of knowledge are of the
view that this kind of divorce is forbidden
(Haraam), because it wrongs the woman, and
it harms her. The Prophet said: "Do
not harm yourselves and do not cause
harm to others." [Ahmad]
Divorce can also be desirable due to the
existing harm, and it can be obligatory for a
necessity, like when the husband swears not
to have sexual intercourse with his wife and
refuses to approach her, in which case the
judge orders him to have sexual intercourse
with her or obliges him to divorce her.
Divorce when the wife is in menses is
forbidden, and this is called ‘a divorce of
innovation’, i.e. it did not take place
according to the Sunnah, and in which case
it is forbidden due to the way it took place
and not the actual divorce.
Undoubtedly, the companions, may Allah be
pleased with them, were the most
knowledgeable people among the Muslim
nation after the Prophet and they were
the most pious of people. Therefore, the
things which they did and which one would
mistakenly think they are disliked should be
considered in a positive way.
In addition to this, they were people like us
and they were not infallible. Even if one of
them had sinned, he would have undoubtedly
repented from sinning, or had performed
good deeds which would have wiped out that
sin, or that he was forgiven due to his
previous record of good deeds or due to the
intercession of the Prophet as they were
the most deserving his intercession, or that
he had been afflicted in this worldly life and
as a result he was forgiven. Hence, Allah is
pleased with them as they pleased Him, and
we hope that Allah will gather us with them
in Paradise.

Allah Knows best.


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