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Stats: 16,669 members, 64,012 Topics, 14,560 Comments. Date: March 24, 2019, 8:37 pm

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

Hello! What are the exact rules
for making the sacrifice for
‘Eed-ul Adhha? What animals
can be sacrificed? And what are
the rules for people sharing in
the purchase of an animal? Is
there a guideline as to what
type of animal should be
purchased based on the number
of people that are interested in
splitting the cost? Please let me
know as soon as possible!

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah,
The Lord of the Worlds. I testify
that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that
Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger, may Allah exalt his
mention as well as that of his
family and all his companions.
According to the view of the
majority of the scholars
'Eed sacrifice is desirable but
not an obligation for any
Muslim who is able to do it.
It is also one of the good deeds
of Islam as 'Aaishah, may Allah
be pleased with her, narrated
from the Prophet as saying:

"No son of Adam has done any deed on
the Day of Immolation more likable to
Allah than shedding blood (slaughtering
the 'Eed sacrifice). So be pleased with
it".

Most scholars believe that
slaughtering the 'Eed sacrifice is
better than giving its value as
alms. The sacrificed animal
should be from the livestock
(cows, camels, sheep and
goats).

As for the prevailing view in this
concern might be that the sheep
and goats are the best animals
for the sacrifice because the
Prophet never slaughtered
on the 'Eed sacrifice but these
kinds of animals. But the
camels, the cows and the
buffaloes could all be
slaughtered as 'Eed sacrifices.

The 'Eed sacrifice should be in
a good state and fat enough so
that its meat could be eaten as
this is a symbol of Allah. And
Allah says (what means): (And
whosoever honours the symbols of
Allah, then it is truly from the piety of
the heart). [22:32].

The 'Eed sacrifice should be
more than six months old if it is
a sheep as narrated by Ibn
Maajah in a Hadeeth
traceable in ascending order to
The Prophet as saying: "Only
a Jaza'a of sheep can suffice as 'Eed
sacrifice'' and the Jaza'a is the
sheep that is at least six months
old. As for 'Eed sacrifice from
the goats, it should be at least
one year old. The cow, if chosen
to be 'Eed sacrifice, two years
old. But the camel should not
be less than five years old".

On the other hand, one should
avoid making sacrifice with a
defective animal. Al-Bara Ibn
'Aazib, may Allah be pleased
with him, said the Prophet
stood before us and said: "Four
(kinds of animals) are not sufficient in
the sacrifices: The one-eyed whose loss
of one eye is evident, and the sick
whose sickness is evident, the limp
whose limpness is evident and the
skinny one which has no flesh on it".
[al-Bukhari].

The majority of scholars are
agreed that the four defects
that are mentioned in the
previous Hadeeth could be
taken as a reference for other
kinds of defects. So any defect
that is equal to one of them or
worse than it makes the
sacrifice invalid like (the blind
or one which lacks one foot).
The castrated animal can suffice
because the Prophet
Muhammad made 'Eed
sacrifice with two castrated
rams.

Also the sheep that was born
without a fat tail or which has
at least half of its fat tail can
suffice as 'Eed sacrifice. But the
sheep whose fat tail was
completely cut off does not
suffice.

One sheep or one goat is
sufficient as 'Eed sacrifice for
the man as well as his own
family. It is also lawful for 7
people to slaughter one cow as
'Eed sacrifice. Jabir Ibn
Abdullaah, may Allah be pleased
with him, said: "In the year of
Hudaibiya, we along with Allah's
Messenger sacrificed a camel for
seven persons and a cow for seven
persons". (Narrated by Muslim).

The participant among the
seven involves his family with
him because the seventh here is
the same as a sheep or a goat.
The time for slaughtering it is
after the 'Eed-ul Adh’haa prayer
and slaughtering it before the
prayer does not suffice as the
Prophet said: "The first (act)
with which we start our day (the day of
'Eed-ul Adh’haa) is that we offer prayer.
We then return and sacrifice the
animals and he who does that in fact
has adhered to our Sunnah (practice).
And he who slaughters the (animal on
that day before the 'Eed prayer), for
him (the slaughtering of animal is
directed to the acquiring of) meat for
his family, and there is nothing of the
sort of sacrifice in it".

He also said: "He who sacrifice the
(animal) before offering ('Eed) prayer,
he should offer again in its stead, and
he who did not sacrifice the animal
should slaughter it by reciting the name
of Allah."

It is likable for one to witness
slaughtering his sacrifice or to
slaughter it himself and to
divide it into three parts. He
eats one third with his family,
he gives out one third as alms
and one third as gifts as the
Prophet said to his
daughter Faatimah, may Allah
be pleased with her: "Be
present when your 'Eed sacrifice
is slaughtered. Allah forgives
you as the first drop of its
blood comes out". (Narrated by
al-Bayhaqi ' and Abdul Razzaaq
in their collections of Hadeeth)
He should also say when
slaughtering it, "Bismillaah, O
Allah! It is from Your favor and
for You."

Allah knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/142046/making-sacrifice-on-the-day-of-eed-ul-adhhaa

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