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Stats: 17,469 members, 69,350 Topics, 15,454 Comments. Date: Jun 18 2019, 5:46 pm

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

Please inform me about the
Hadeeth that says: "Anta wa
Maaluka li-Abeek" (you and your
property belong to your father). Does
this apply also to daughters?
The reason I'm asking is
because a father is requesting
(as if by right) money from his
unmarried daughters, even
though he has his own income
and is capable of working more
to provide better for himself
and his family.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah,
The Lord of the Worlds. I testify
that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that
Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger.

Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah
reported on the authority
of 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar, may
Allah be pleased with him, that
a man came to the Prophet
to present a dispute between
him and his father and said " O
Messenger of Allah! He is in
need of my money, the Prophet
said to him: "you and your
property belong to your father."
Here "belong to your father"
means that using the money of
a child is lawful for the father.
It does not mean that the
ownership of all the belongings
of a child is transferred to his
father because the child is
responsible to pay the Zakah of
his property, and his property is
also distributed among his heirs
after his death. Thus, the
Prophetic narration approves a
father to take and use the
money of his child, as long as
he does not spend it lavishly,
whether his child permits him
or not.

Muslim Jurists have clearly
stated that a father can freely
use the money of his child with
two conditions as mentioned by
Imaam Ibn Qudaamah :

'First, he should not do wrong
to his son, should not harm
him, and should not use the
thing that the child is in need
of.
Second, he should not take
from a child to give to another
child.'
Imaam Ahmad precisely
mentioned this point. Imaam
Ibn Qudaamah furthermore
said: 'Imaams Maalik, Abu Haneefah,
Al Shaafi'ee said, he (a father)
has no right to take from the
belongings of his son except according
to his need.' The Prophet said:
" Verily your blood, your property are as
sacred and inviolable as the sacredness
of this day of yours, in this month of
yours, in this town of yours…"

The opinion of scholars that a
father can take only what he
needs is based on the narration
that the Prophet said: "They
(your children) and their properties
belong to you, if you need them. " [Al-
Haakim and Al-Bayhaqi]

Therefore, the aforementioned
saying of the Prophet "you
and your property belong to your
father" should be understood as
we explained. So, a father
should not cause harm to his
son taking from him what he
wants based on his
misunderstanding of the
narration.

Know that the narration
includes female children as
well, as the narration reported
by Al-Haakim reads: "Your children
are your gift…… they and their
properties belong to you."

Allah knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/139628/father-requests-money-from-his-unmarried-daughter

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