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Virtues Of Memorizing Forty Hadeeths. by Taamas111 (m): 2:14am on January 14
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

Could you tell me if the hadeeths
(prophetic narration) about
memorizing 40 of the Prophet’s
(peace and blessings of Allah be
upon him) Sunnah (traditions) and
being admitted to Paradise or raised
with the scholars are authentic.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
1 – This hadeeth is da’eef (weak).
Despite its large number of isnads
(chains of transmission) they do not
support one another, and there are
many different versions with
different wordings, such as, “…Allah
will resurrect him on the Day of
Resurrection among the fuqaha
(jurists) and scholars,” and “… Allah
will resurrect him a scholar and a
faqeeh (jurist),” and “I will be an
intercessor and a witness for him
on the Day of Resurrection,” etc.
(a) al-Hafiz ibn Hajar said:
It was narrated by al-Hasan ibn
Sufyan in his Musnad and in his
Arba’een, from the hadeeth of Ibn
‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with
him), and he narrated it from
thirteen of the Sahabah/
Companions (may Allah be pleased
with them). It was narrated by Ibn
al-Jawzi in al-‘Ilal al-Mutanahiyah,
and he explained that all of these
hadeeths are da’eef. Ibn al-Mundhir
discussed it in a separate volume,
and I discussed it in the sixteenth
chapter of al-Imla. I mentioned all
of its isnads in one volume but
there is not one isnad that is free of
faults.
Al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 3/93,94.
(b) Ibn al-Mulaqqin said:
The hadeeth “Whoever preserves
forty hadeeth for my ummah
(followers) will be recorded as a
faqeeh” was narrated via
approximately twenty isnads, all of
which are da’eef (weak). Al-
Daraqutni said: All its isnads are
da’eef and none of them are proven.
Al-Bayhaqi said: Its isnads are
weak.
Khalasat al-Badr al-Muneer, 2/145
Al-Bayhaqi said:
This text is well known among the
people but it has no saheeh
(authentic) isnad.
Shu’ab al-Eeman, 2/270
Al-Nawawi said:
The scholars of hadeeth are agreed
that it is a weak hadeeth, although
it has many narrations.
Muqaddimat al-Arba’een al-
Nawawiyyah.
2 – We should note here that there
are reports in the Sunnah which
mention the virtue of listening to
the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him)
and conveying it, even if it is just
one hadeeth.
It was narrated that Zayd ibn Thabit
(may Allah be pleased with him)
said: I heard the Messenger of Allah
(peace and blessings of Allah be
upon him) say, “May Allah bless a
man who hears a hadeeth from us
and memorizes it so that he can
convey it to others, for perhaps he
is conveying it to one who will
understand it better than him, and
perhaps the one who conveys
knowledge does not understand it
himself.”
(Narrated and classed as hasan
(sound) by al-Tirmidhi, 2656; also
narrated by Abu Dawood. 3660; Ibn
Majah, 230).

Al-Mubarakfoori said:
What is meant is that Allah has
singled him out for happiness and
joy because of the knowledge with
which He has blessed him and the
status among people in this world
and blessings in the Hereafter that
he attains thereby, so that the joy
and blessings are seen on his face.
And it was suggested that the
hadeeth indicates what happens to
the person of joy and blessing that
appears on his face.
Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 7/347, 348

And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/6899/virtues-of- memorizing-forty-hadeeths

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