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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

I read this hadeeth (prophetic
narration) and I would like to know
whether it is saheeh (authentic) or
not.
“When Adam committed his sin, he
said, ‘O Lord, I ask You by virtue of
Muhammad to forgive me.’ Allah
said, ‘O Adam, how do you know of
Muhammad when I have not yet
created him?’ He said, ‘O Lord, when
You created me with Your own
hand, and breathed into me the soul
that You created, I raised my head
and saw written on the pillars of the
Throne, La ilaha ill-Allah Muhammad
Rasool Allah [There is no god but
Allah, Muhammad is the messenger
of Allah]. Then I knew that You
would not mention in conjunction
with Your name any but the most
beloved of Your creation to You.’
Allah said, ‘You have spoken the
truth, O Adam. He is indeed the
most beloved of My creation to Me.
Pray to me by virtue of Him, for I
have forgiven you. Were it not for
Muhammad, I would not have
created you.”

Answer

Praise be to Allah
This hadeeth is
mawdoo’ (fabricated). It was
narrated by al-Hakim via ‘Abd-Allah
ibn Muslim al-Fahri (who said),
Isma’eel ibn Muslimah narrated to
us, ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn
Aslam told us, from his father, from
his grandfather, from ‘Umar ibn al-
Khattab (may Allah be pleased with
him), that he said: The Messenger
of Allah (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him) said, “When
Adam committed his sin…” Then he
quoted the hadeeth as the
questioner quoted it.
Al-Hakim said: The isnad (chain of
narrators) of this hadeeth is
saheeh.
This is what al-Hakim said! But a
number of scholars rebuked him and
denounced him for classing this
hadeeth as saheeh. They ruled that
this hadeeth is false and fabricated,
and they pointed out that al-Hakim
contradicted himself when
commenting on this hadeeth.
There follow some of their
comments:
Al-Thahabi said, criticizing the words
of al-Hakim quoted above:
Rather it is mawdoo’ (fabricated),
and ‘Abd al-Rahman is not reliable,
and I do not know who ‘Abd-Allah
ibn Muslim al-Fahri is.

Al-Thahabi also said in Meezan al-
I’tidal: It is a false report.
Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar agreed with him
in Lisan al-Meezan.
Al-Bayhaqi said:
‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn Aslam
is the only one who narrated it with
this isnad, and he is da’eef (weak).
Ibn Katheer agreed with him in al-
Bidayah wa’l-Nihayyah, 2/323.
Al-Albani said in al-Silsilah al-
Da’eefah, 25: (it is) mawdoo’.
Al-Hakim himself (may Allah forgive
him) accused ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn
Zayd of being a fabricator of
hadeeth, so how could his hadeeth
be saheeh?

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said
in al-Qa’idah al-Jaleelah fi’l-
Tawassul wa’l-Waseelah (p. 69):
Al-Hakim’s narration of this hadeeth
is something for which he was
denounced, and he himself said in
his book al-Madkhil ila Ma’rifat al-
Saheeh ‘an al-Saqeem:
‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam
narrated fabricated hadeeths from
his father, and it is obvious to any
competent hadeeth scholar that he
is the one to blame for fabricating
hadeeths. I say: ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn
Zayd ibn Aslam is da’eef (weak)
because he made a lot of mistakes.
See Silsilat al-Ahadeeth al-Da’eefah
by al-Albani, 1/38-47.

islamqa.info/en/answers/34715/falseness-hadeeth-about-adam-praying-by-virtue-of-the-prophet

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