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Weak Narration Concerning The Prohibition Of Helping To Kill A Muslim

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

There is a saheeh hadeeth
(authentic narration) in which the
Messenger of Allah (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“Whoever helps to kill a Muslim,
even with half a word, will meet
Allah with (the words) written
between his eyes, ‘He has no hope
of the mercy of Allah.’”– i.e., the
mercy of Allah will not descend upon
one who helps a kafir (non-Muslim)
to kill a Muslim. This is what I
understand from the hadeeth.
Please explain further.

Answer

Praise be to Alaah
Firstly:
This hadeeth was narrated by Ibn
Majah (2620) and al-‘Aqeeli in al-
Du’afa (457) and al-Bayhaqi in al-
Sunan (8/22). It is a da’eef (weak)
hadeeth which is not soundly
narrated from the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Imam Ahmad said: This hadeeth is
not saheeh.
Indeed, Abu Hatim ruled it to be
mawdoo’ (fabricated), and al-
Thahabi agreed with him. Ibn al-
Jawzi narrated it in al-Mawdoo’at
(2/104). Ibn Hibban said: This is a
mawdoo’ (fabricated) hadeeth which
has no basis.
Ibn Hajar and al-Munthiri said: (This
is) a very weak hadeeth. Al-Zayla’i
said: it is a weak (da’eef) hadeeth.
Al-Albani mentioned it in Da’eef
Sunan Ibn Majah and said: (it is)
very weak.

Secondly:
Even though this hadeeth is weak,
there is no doubt that helping to kill
a Muslim unlawfully is a major sin.
Al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd al-Salam (may Allah
have mercy on him) said in his book
al-Qawa’id:
If you want to know the difference
between a minor sin and a major
sin, then compare the consequences
of the sin with the consequences of
a major sin as stated in the texts. If
it is less than the least
consequences of a major sin, then
it is a minor sin. If it is equal to or
greater than the least consequences
of a major sin, then it is also a
major sin. Whoever insults the Lord,
may He be glorified, or His
Messenger (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him), or mocks the
Messengers, or disbelieves in one of
them, or throws filth at the Ka’bah,
or throws the Mus-haf (copy of the
Quran) into the garbage – these are
major sins, even though the
sharee’ah does not state clearly
that they are major sins. Similarly,
if a person holds down a chaste
woman for another to commit zina
(adultery) with her, or holds down a
Muslim for him to kill him, the evil
consequences of these acts are
undoubtedly greater than the
consequences of consuming the
wealth of an orphan, even though
that is also a major sin. Similarly if
a person guides the kuffar (non-
Muslims) to the weak points of the
Muslims, even though he knows
that they will destroy the Muslims
as a result of his help and will take
their women and children captive,
and plunder their wealth, then this
is more serious than his running
away from the battle field with no
excuse, even though that is a major
sin. Similarly if he tells a lie about a
person for which he knows that
person will be killed, then it is a
major sin, but telling a lie which will
result in a date being taken away
from him, is not a major sin.”
Helping a kafir to kill a Muslim may
constitute kufr (disbelief) in some
cases. The scholars mentioned
things that nullify a person’s Islam,
one of which is supporting the
mushrikeen (polytheists) and
helping them against the Muslims.
See question no. .

Thirdly:
It is not permissible for anyone to
take the matter of attributing
hadeeth to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him)
lightly. He (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever
tells lies about me, it is not like
telling lies about anyone else.
Whoever tells lies about me
deliberately, let him take his place
in Hell.” Narrated by al-Bukhari,
1291; Muslim, 4.
And he (peace and blessings of Allah
be upon him) said: “Whoever
narrates a hadeeth from me which
is known to be false, he is one of
the liars.” Narrated by Muslim in
the introduction to his Saheeh.

And al-Nawawi said:

[This hadeeth has been narrated in
two versions, one of which says al-
kathibayn (the two liars – dual
form) and the more well-known
version which says al-kathibeen
(the liars – plural).] Al-Qadi ‘Iyad
said: The version which we have
says al-kathibeen (plural) and Abu
Na’eem al-Asbahani narrated it in
his book al-Mustakhraj ‘ala Saheeh
Muslim from the hadeeth of
Samurah, where it says al-
kathibayn, in the dual form. Some of
the imams said that the word yura
[translated above as “known to be”
as yara [meaning “knowing
(himself).” Or it could mean
“thinking [that it is false].” In this
case the hadeeth means that the
person becomes a sinner only when
he himself knows or thinks that
what he is narrating from the
Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him) is a lie. But if he
did not know or think that it was a
lie, then there is no sin on him if he
narrated it, even if others think
that it is false, or know that to be
the case. But what we may
conclude from this hadeeth is that
lying is strongly condemned, and
that whoever thinks that what he is
narrating is most likely false, but
still narrates it, is a liar. How can he
not be a liar when he is narrating
something that did not happen?

If a person does not have sufficient
knowledge to be able to distinguish
between a saheeh (authentic)
hadeeth and a da’eef (weak) one,
then he should ask the scholars who
are specialized in this field, and
refer to the comments of the imams
and scholars that are compiled in
books, in accordance with the words
of Allah (interpretation of the
meaning):
“So ask of those who know the
Scripture, if you know not.” [16:43].

islamqa.info/en/answers/48963/weak-narration-concerning-the-prohibition-of-helping-to-kill-a-muslim

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