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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

I would like to know whether this
hadeeth (prophetic narration) is
saheeh (authentic) or not.
“The believer is between five
hardships: a believer who envies
him, a hypocrite who envies him
(hasad), a kafir (non-Muslim) who
fights him, a soul which contends
with him and a devil who leads him
astray.”
If this is a hadeeth, who narrated
it?

Answer

Praise be to Allah
This hadeeth was narrated via two
isnads (chains of narration).
1 – It was narrated by al-Daylami in
al-Firdaws, as stated by al-Manawi
in Fayd al-Qadeer, 5/292, no. 7352,
from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah
(may Allah be pleased with him):

“The believer has four enemies: a
believer who envies him (hasad), a
hypocrite who hates him, a devil
who leads him astray and a kafir
who fights him.”
Al-Manawi said, after quoting the
hadeeth: its isnad includes Sakhr al-
Hajibi of whom Al-Dhahabi said in
al-Dua’afa’, he is accused of
fabricating; Khalid al-Waasiti who is
majhool (unknown); and Husayn ibn
‘Abd al-Rahman of whom al-Dhahabi
said he forgot and grew old, and Al-
Nasai said he changed. End quote.
Al-Shaykh al-Albani said in Da’eef al-
Jami’ (4749): It is da’eef jiddan (very
weak).
2 – It was narrated by Abu Bakr ibn
Lal in Makarim al-Akhlaaq, as stated
by al-Iraqi in al-Mughni ‘an Haml al-
Asfar, 3/63, from the hadeeth of
Anas (may Allah be pleased with
him): “The Muslim is between five
hardships: a believer who envies
him (hasad), a hypocrite who hates
him, a kafir who fights him, a devil
who leads him astray and a soul
that contends with him.”

Al-Iraqi said:
It was narrated by Abu Bakr ibn Lal
in Makarim al-Akhlaaq from the
hadeeth of Anas (may Allah be
pleased with him) with a da’eef
(weak) isnad. End quote.
So the hadeeth is not proven.
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/60299/the-hadeeth-the-believer-is-between-five-hardships

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