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Ibraaheem (peace Be Upon Him). by Taamas111 (f): 8:01pm on January 13
Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

Could you give us some information
about the Prophet Ibraaheem
(peace be upon him)?

Answer

Praise be to Allaah.
Allaah sent His Prophet Ibraaheem
(peace be upon him) and ordained
among his offspring Prophethood
and the Book (al-‘Ankaboot 29:27).
“And mention in the Book (the
Qur’aan) Ibraaheem (Abraham).
Verily, he was a man of truth, a
Prophet [Maryam 19:41 –
interpretation of the meaning]
Allaah guided Ibraaheem and
honoured him with virtues and
praiseworthy characteristics:

“Verily, Ibraaheem (Abraham) was
an Ummah (a leader having all the
good righteous qualities), or a
nation, obedient to Allaah, Haneef
(i.e. to worship none but Allaah),
and he was not one of those who
were Al-Mushrikoon (polytheists,
idolaters, disbelievers in the
Oneness of Allaah, and those who
joined partners with Allaah).
(He was) thankful for His (Allaah’s)
Favours. He (Allaah) chose him (as
an intimate friend) and guided him
to a Straight Path (Islamic
Monotheism — neither Judaism nor
Christianity).

And We gave him good in this world,
and in the Hereafter he shall be of
the righteous”[al-Nahl 16:120-122 –
interpretation of the meaning]
Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) was
the father of the Prophets; no
Prophet was sent after him but he
was from among his descendents.
He had two sons whom Allaah chose
to be Prophets. They were Ismaa’eel
the grandfather of the Arabs, from
among whose descendents Allaah
sent the Prophet Muhammad (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon
him), and Ishaaq whom Allaah
blessed with a Prophet called
Ya’qoob, who was also known as
Israa’eel, after whom Bani Israa’eel
(the Children of Israel) and their
Prophets were called.
The Qur’aan refers to the fact that
Ibraaheem was the father of the
Prophets, when it says concerning
Ibraaheem (interpretation of the
meaning):

“And We bestowed upon him Ishaaq
(Isaac) and Ya‘qoob (Jacob), each of
them We guided, and before him,
We guided Nooh (Noah), and among
his progeny Dawood (David),
Sulaymaan (Solomon), Ayyoob (Job),
Yoosuf (Joseph), Moosa (Moses), and
Haaroon (Aaron). Thus do We
reward Al-Muhsinoon (the good-
doers).
And Zakariyya (Zachariya), and
Yahya (John) and ‘Eesa (Jesus) and
Ilyaas (Elias), each one of them was
of the righteous.
And Isma‘eel (Ishmael) and Al-
Yasaa‘ (Elisha), and Yoonus (Jonah)
and Loot (Lot), and each one of
them We preferred above the
‘Aalameen [mankind and jinn (of
their times)]”[al-An’aam 6:84-86]
Ibraaheem called his people in
Mesopotamia to worship Allaah
alone and to stop worshipping the
idols which could neither bring
benefit nor cause harm. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And (remember) Ibraaheem
(Abraham) when he said to his
people: ‘Worship Allaah (Alone), and
fear Him: that is better for you if
you did but know.

You worship besides Allaah only
idols, and you only invent falsehood.
Verily, those whom you worship
besides Allaah have no power to
give you provision, so seek your
provision from Allaah (Alone), and
worship Him (Alone), and be
grateful to Him. To Him (Alone) you
will be brought back’”[al-‘Ankaboot
29:16-17]

Ibraaheem (peace be upon him)
wanted to free his people from idol-
worship and rid them of myths and
legends. He asked his people about
these idols, as Allaah tells us
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And recite to them the story of
Ibraaheem (Abraham).
When he said to his father and his
people: ‘What do you worship?’
They said: ‘We worship idols, and to
them we are ever devoted.’

He said: ‘Do they hear you, when
you call on (them)?
Or do they benefit you or do they
harm (you)?’
They said: ‘(Nay) but we found our
fathers doing so’”[al-Shu’araa’
26:69-74]
Then he explained to them that
they should not mindlessly follow
others like dumb animals and
clarified for them the ultimate
reality which is that they should
worship Allaah alone, in Whose hand
is the dominion of all things:
“He said: ‘Do you observe that
which you have been worshipping
You and your ancient fathers?

Verily, they are enemies to me, save
the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind,
jinn and all that exists),
Who has created me, and it is He
Who guides me.
And it is He Who feeds me and gives
me to drink.
And when I am ill, it is He Who
cures me.
And Who will cause me to die, and
then will bring me to life (again).
And Who, I hope, will forgive me my
faults on the Day of Recompense
(the Day of Resurrection)’”[al-
Shu’araa’ 26:75-82]

The father of Ibraaheem was one of
the idol-worshippers. He used to
carve them and sell them. His
father’s disbelief troubled
Ibraaheem, so he singled him out
for advice and said to him:
“O my father! Why do you worship
that which hears not, sees not and
cannot avail you in anything?
O my father! Verily, there has come
to me of the knowledge that which
came not unto you. So follow me, I
will guide you to the Straight
Path”[Maryam 19:42-43 –
interpretation of the meaning]

But his father did not respond to
him, rather he threatened to stone
him and forsake him. He said:
“Do you reject my gods, O
Ibraaheem (Abraham)? If you stop
not (this), I will indeed stone you.
So get away from me safely (before
I punish you)”[Maryam 19:46 –
interpretation of the meaning]
So Ibraaheem had no choice but to
leave him, and he said to him:
“Peace be on you! I will ask
forgiveness of my Lord for you.
Verily, He is unto me Ever Most
Gracious[Maryam 19:47 –
interpretation of the meaning]
Ibraaheem continued to ask for
forgiveness for his father and to
ask his Lord to guide him, but when
it became clear to him that he (his
father) was an enemy of Allaah, he
disavowed him and stopped asking
for forgiveness for him. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):

“And Ibraaheem’s (Abraham)
invoking (of Allaah) for his father’s
forgiveness was only because of a
promise he [Ibraaheem (Abraham)]
had made to him (his father). But
when it became clear to him that he
(his father) is an enemy of Allaah,
he dissociated himself from him.
Verily, Ibraaheem was Awwah (one
who invokes Allaah with humility,
glorifies Him and remembers Him
much) and was forbearing[al-
Tawbah 9:114]
When the people of Ibraaheem
persisted in worshipping idols,
Ibraaheem wanted to prove to them
in practical terms that these idols
could not cause harm or bring
benefit, after his preaching and
teaching had no effect on his
people:

“Then he cast a glance at the stars,
And he said: ‘Verily, I am sick (with
plague). [He did this trick to remain
in their temple of idols to destroy
them and not to accompany them to
the pagan feast)].’
So they turned away from him, and
departed (for fear of the disease).

Then he turned to their aalihah
(gods) and said: ‘Will you not eat (of
the offering before you)?
What is the matter with you that
you speak not?’
Then he turned upon them, striking
(them) with (his) right hand”
[al-Saaffaaat :88:93]

Ibraaheem broke all the idols except
the biggest one, which he left so
that they could ask it who had done
this:

“So he broke them to pieces, (all)
except the biggest of them, that
they might turn to it”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:58 – interpretation
of the meaning]
When they came back from the
festival for which they had gone
out, they saw the broken idols and
they accused Ibraaheem (of
breaking them). He said to them:
“Nay, this one, the biggest of them
(idols) did it. Ask them, if they can
speak!”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:63 – interpretation
of the meaning]
Because they knew that these idols
could not speak – for they were
inanimate objects – they said to
Ibraaheem:
“Indeed you [Ibraaheem (Abraham)]
know well that these (idols) speak
not!”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:65 – interpretation
of the meaning]
When they admitted that these
idols could do nothing, Ibraaheem
said to them:
“Do you then worship besides
Allaah, things that can neither
profit you, nor harm you?
Fie upon you, and upon that which
you worship besides Allaah! Have
you then no sense?”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:67 – interpretation
of the meaning]
When they had exhausted all lines
of argument, they resorted to the
use of force and said:
“Burn him and help your aalihah
(gods), if you will be doing”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:68 – interpretation
of the meaning]

They gathered a lot of wood and
started a fire which had great
sparks and flames, then they threw
Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) into
that fire. He said, “Hasbi Allaah wa
ni’am al-wakeel (Allaah is sufficient
for me and He is the best Disposer
of affairs).” So Allaah saved him
from it and made it coolness and
safety for him, and foiled the plot
of his enemies:
“We (Allaah) said: ‘O fire! Be you
coolness and safety for Ibraaheem
(Abraham)!’

And they wanted to harm him, but
We made them the worst losers”
[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:69-70 –
interpretation of the meaning]
After saving Ibraaheem from the
fire, Allaah commanded him to leave
Mesopotamia and migrate to the
Holy Land in Palestine. He married
his cousin (the daughter of his
paternal uncle) – Saarah – and set
out with her and his brother’s son
Loot for Syria, as Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):

“And We rescued him and Loot (Lot)
to the land which We have blessed
for the ‘Aalameen (mankind and
jinn)[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:71]

Then great hardship befell the land
of Syria, so Ibraaheem moved to
Egypt with his wife, then he came
back to Palestine, bringing his wife
and a slave woman of hers called
Haajar. Ibraaheem longed to have
children, but his wife was barren
and had grown old. When she saw
how much her husband longed to
have a child, she gave her slave
woman, Haajar, to him. So he
married her and was blessed with
his son Ismaa’eel from her:
“’My Lord! Grant me (offspring)
from the righteous.’
So We gave him the glad tidings of a
forbearing boy”
[al-Saaffaat 37:100-101 –
interpretation of the meaning]

After Haajar gave birth to Ismaa’eel,
Saarah began to feel jealous, so she
asked Ibraaheem to send them
away from her. Allaah revealed to
Ibraaheem that he should take
Haajar and the infant Ismaa’eel and
take them to Makkah. So he took
them and left Haajar and her child
Ismaa’eel in an bleak, isolated place
in which there was no water, then
he left them and went back to
Palestine. Haajar said to him, “For
whom are you leaving us in this
forsaken valley?” But Ibraaheem
went and left her, and she said,
“Has Allaah commanded you to do
this?” He said, “Yes.” She said, “Then
Allaah will not cause us to be lost.”
Ibraaheem submitted to the
command of his Lord and patiently
bore the separation from his wife
and child. Then he turned towards
where they were at the Sacred
House and prayed for them in the
following words (interpretation of
the meaning):

“O our Lord! I have made some of
my offspring to dwell in an
uncultivable valley by Your Sacred
House (the Ka‘bah at Makkah) in
order, O our Lord, that they may
perform As-Salaah (Iqaamat-as-
Salaah). So fill some hearts among
men with love towards them, and
(O Allaah) provide them with fruits
so that they may give
thanks”[Ibraaheem 14:37]
Haajar stayed in Makkah, eating the
food and drinking the water that
Ibraaheem had left for her and her
son. When that ran out, she and her
son became thirsty. She looked for
water, and climbed the hill of al-
Safaa but she did not see anything.
Then she climbed the hill of al-
Marwah but she did not see
anything. She did that seven times,
then she turned towards Ismaa’eel
and saw water gushing from
beneath his feet.
She rejoiced and
drank some, and gave some to her
son to drink. Then a tribe – Jurham
– came to Haajar and asked her
permission to settle by the water.
She gave them permission and they
settled beside her. When Ismaa’eel
grew up, he married one of their
women and learned Arabic from
them.

During this period, Ibraaheem used
to visit his son from time to time.
On one of these visits, Ibraaheem
saw in a dream that Allaah was
commanding him to sacrifice his son
Ismaa’eel. The dreams of the
Prophets are true, so Ibraaheem
resolved to obey the command of
Allaah, even though he was old and
Ismaa’eel was his only son. Allaah
says (interpretation of the
meaning):

“So We gave him the glad tidings of
a forbearing boy.
And, when he (his son) was old
enough to walk with him, he said:
‘O my son! I have seen in a dream
that I am slaughtering you (offering
you in sacrifice to Allaah). So look
what you think!’ He said: ‘O my
father! Do that which you are
commanded, In sha’ Allaah (if
Allaah wills), you shall find me of
As-Saabiroon (the patient).’

Then, when they had both
submitted themselves (to the Will of
Allaah), and he had laid him
prostrate on his forehead (or on the
side of his forehead for
slaughtering);
We called out to him: ‘O Ibraaheem!
You have fulfilled the dream!’ Verily,
thus do We reward the Muhsinoon
(good-doers).
Verily, that indeed was a manifest
trial.
And We ransomed him with a great
sacrifice (i.e. a ram)”
[al-Saffaat 37:101-107]

Then Allaah gave him the glad
tidings of another son, who was
Ishaaq, and then Ibraaheem
returned to Palestine:

“And We gave him the glad tidings
of Ishaaq (Isaac) a Prophet from the
righteous[al-Saaffaat 37:112 –
interpretation of the meaning]
Ishaaq was born to him from his
wife Saarah:

“And his wife was standing (there),
and she laughed [either, because
the messengers did not eat their
food or for being glad for the
destruction of the people of Loot
(Lot)]. But We gave her glad tidings
of Ishaaq (Isaac), and after Ishaaq,
of Ya‘qoob (Jacob)”
[Hood 11:71 – interpretation of the
meaning]
Then Ibraaheem stayed in Palestine
for a while, then he returned to
Makkah for an important reason.
Allaah had commanded him to build
in Makkah the first House to be
built for the worship of Allaah. So
Ibraaheem undertook this task of
construction, and his son Ismaa’eel
was lifting up the stones to him.

When the walls grew higher,
Ibraaheem stood on a rock, and this
is the Station of Ibraaheem
(Maqaam Ibraaheem) which is to be
found in the vicinity of the Ka’bah.
Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning):
“And (remember) when Ibraaheem
(Abraham) and (his son)
Ismaaee‘eel (Ishmael) were raising
the foundations of the House (the
Ka‘bah at Makkah), (saying), ‘Our
Lord! Accept (this service) from us.
Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the
All-Knower’”
[al-Baqarah 2:127]

Allaah commanded Ibraaheem and
Ismaa’eel to cleanse the House of
idols and other impurities so that it
would be pure for those who would
circumambulate it and stand and
bow and prostrate (in prayer). When
Ibraaheem built the House, Allaah
commanded him to call mankind to
perform the Hajj, as He says
(interpretation of the meaning):

“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj
(pilgrimage). They will come to you
on foot and on every lean camel,
they will come from every deep and
distant (wide) mountain highway (to
perform Hajj)”
[al-Hajj 22:27]
Then Ibraaheem offered this great
supplication for Makkah and for
those who live in it:
“And (remember) when Ibraaheem
(Abraham) said, ‘My Lord, make this
city (Makkah) a place of security
and provide its people with fruits,
such of them as believe in Allaah
and the Last Day.’ He (Allaah)
answered: ‘As for him who
disbelieves, I shall leave him in
contentment for a while, then I
shall compel him to the torment of
the Fire, and worst indeed is that
destination!’”
[al-Baqarah 2:126 – interpretation of
the meaning]
Then he prayed for himself and his
descendents, saying:
“Our Lord! Accept (this service) from
us. Verily, You are the All-Hearer,
the All-Knower.

Our Lord! And make us submissive
unto You and of our offspring a
nation submissive unto You, and
show us our Manaasik (all the
ceremonies of pilgrimage — Hajj and
‘Umrah), and accept our repentance.
Truly, You are the One Who accepts
repentance, the Most Merciful”[al-
Baqarah 2:127-128 – interpretation
of the meaning]

Then he prayed for the people of
the sanctuary, that Allaah would
send to them a Messenger from
amongst them, who would call them
to worship Allaah Alone. He said:

“Our Lord! Send amongst them a
Messenger of their own, who shall
recite unto them Your Verses and
instruct them in the Book (this
Qur’aan) and Al-Hikmah (full
knowledge of the Islamic laws and
jurisprudence or wisdom or
Prophethood), and purify them.

Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the
All-Wise”
[al-Baqarah 1:129 – interpretation of
the meaning]
Allaah responded to the prayer of
His Prophet Ibraaheem. He made
Makkah a place of security, He
blessed its people with fruits and
sent to them a Messenger from
amongst themselves, who was the
Seal of the Prophets and
Messengers, Muhammad (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him). All
praise and thanks be to Allaah.

After Ibraaheem, Prophethood
remained with the Children of Israel
for a long time, until Allaah sent
Muhammad (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) from among
the descendents of Ismaa’eel as a
Messenger to all of mankind, and
commanded him as He said
(interpretation of the meaning):
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘O mankind!

Verily, I am sent to you all as the
Messenger of Allaah…’”[al-A’raaf
7:158]
Allaah commanded Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) to follow the religion of
Ibraaheem, as He said
(interpretation of the meaning):
“Then, We have sent the Revelation
to you (O Muhammad saying):

‘Follow the religion of Ibraaheem
(Abraham) Haneef (Islamic
Monotheism — to worship none but
Allaah) and he was not of the
Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters,
disbelievers)”[al-Nahl 16:123]
Ibraaheem’s advice to his children
was to adhere to the religion of
Islam and follow its commands until
they died. Allaah said
(interpretation of the meaning):

“And this (submission to Allaah,
Islam) was enjoined by Ibraaheem
(Abraham) upon his sons and by
Ya‘qoob (Jacob) (saying), ‘O my
sons! Allaah has chosen for you the
(true) religion, then die not except
in the Faith of Islam (as Muslims —
Islamic Monotheism)’” [al-Baqarah
2:132]
O Allaah, send blessings upon
Ibraaheem and upon the family of
Ibraaheem, for You are
Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.

Other Prophets who were alive at
the time of Ibraaheem (peace be
upon him) were Loot, Ismaa’eel,
Ishaaq, and Ya’qoob. Then came
Yoosuf, then Shu’ayb, then Ayyoob,
then Dhu’l-Kifl. Then Allaah sent
Moosa and Haaroon (peace be upon
them and may the best of blessings
and peace be upon all the
Prophets).

islamqa.info/en/answers/13043/ibraaheem-peace-be-upon-him

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