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Sighting The Moon To Determine The Start Of Other Than The Month Of Ramadan

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

Assalaamoualaykum wa rahmatullah wa
barakaatuh, many of the Ulama have agreed
that one witness is sufficient to start fasting
the month of ramadan and 2 witnesses are
required to end it. However i have never
encountered such a hadeeth. I would like to
know what is the ruling fot the other month
of the iSlamic calender. I would be very
grateful if you could provide me with the
proofs. Jazaakallah Brother Shafiq

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

The proof that the sighting of the month of
Ramadan is confirmed by one trustworthy
witness is narrated by Ibn 'Abbaas , may
Allah be pleased with him, who said: " A
Bedouin came to the Prophet , and said:
''I sighted the crescent.'' The Prophet
said: ''Do you bear witness that None has the
right to be worshipped except Allah and that
Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger? The
Bedouin replied: ''Yes.'' Thereupon the
Prophet said: ''O Bilaal, proclaim to the
people to fast tomorrow." [Abu Daawood,
An-Nasaa'i and At-Tirmithi].
Furthermore, Ibn 'Umar , may Allah be
pleased with him, said : "The people sought to
see the crescent, and I informed the Prophet
that I saw it, so he fasted that day and
ordered people to fast it. " [Abu Daawood and
Ad-Daarimi]

As regards the evidence that two trustworthy
witnesses are required to confirm the
beginning of the month of Shawwaal (the
month following Ramadan), then the ruler of
Makkah (Haarith Ibn Haatib) , may Allah be
pleased with him, said: ''The Prophet
entrusted us to rely on the sighting of the
crescent and if we fail to see it and two
trustworthy witnesses bear witness that they
had seen it, then we relied on their
testimony.'' [Abu Daawood]

An-Nawawi said: " The crescent of the
beginning of the month of Shawwaal and
other months apart from Ramadan are
confirmed by the sighting of two free
trustworthy witnesses is based on the
narration of Haatith Ibn Haatib , may Allah
be pleased with him, …and it is also proven
by analogy to other testimonies which are
not (directly or indirectly) related to money
and which are (commonly) peculiar to men
[like the sighting of the moon], even though
the sighting of the crescent for these months
is not done for the purpose of worship (i.e.
no act of worship is directly related to its
beginning) contrarily to the month of
Ramadan. This is the view of our School
[Shaafi'i], and all the scholars are of the
same view except Abu Thawr. "
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/153773/sighting-the-moon-to-determine-the-start-of-other-than-the-month-of-ramadan

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