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Stats: 17,449 members, 69,230 Topics, 15,444 Comments. Date: Jun 16 2019, 7:45 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

Assalamu alaikum.Here in S.India where I
stay and in major parts of India sighting is
always proclaimed by institutions and also
witness are Muslims who do Bidaat/wear
amulets/even Istigasa etc.Can we start
Ramadan/Eid based on their proclamation?
There is no other choice.Is there any
evidence in Islam we can accept them?Hope
you will give proof.Else what to do in such a
situation?Reformation movements are
strong,yet you know reformation occurs
slowly,because of the intolerable way Dawa is
done,causing infact more enemity and
sticking to their stands of
innovations.Salaam.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

The jurists conditioned the
acceptance of the testimony of the person
who sighted the moon (crescent) of Ramadan
that he possesses the characteristic of 'Adl
(i.e. piety and trustworthiness in the matters
of religion). However, they differed about
what is exactly meant by 'Adl. The jurists
defined it as follows: "One who avoids
grave major sins and does not persist in
committing small sins"; as mentioned in the
Fiqh Encyclopaedia.
The Fiqh Encyclopaedia reads: "The Hanafi
and Shaafi'ee Schools of jurisprudence are of
the view that the characteristic of 'Adl in
sighting the moon of Ramadan should be an
apparent characteristic. For them, the
sighting of the moon by a slave or a woman
is accepted. Whereas, the Maaliki and
Hanbali Schools of jurisprudence are of the
view that what is meant by 'Adl is the inward
characteristic, so a testimony of a person
whose characteristic of 'Adl is not apparent,
is not accepted as he is not trusted, in the
same way the testimony of a dissolute
person is not accepted. "
There is no doubt that a person who wears
amulets other than the Quran and those who
seek help from other than Allah lack the
characteristic of 'Adl; the least that could be
said about them is that they are innovators,
so they lack the quality of 'Adl inwardly and
outwardly.

This is in general, however, if one is
informed by a specific person that he sighted
the moon and he knows him enough to trust
his statement, then it is an obligation for the
informed person to accept his testimony and
fast accordingly even if the person who
informs him is dissolute.
The Fiqh Encyclopaedia further reads: " The
jurists are of the view that if a person
is informed by an informer whom he trusts
his sighting of the moon of Ramadan, then
the informed person is obliged to fast even if
the informer is a dissolute person ."
Finally, it should be noted that 'Adl Muslim
people should seek to see the moon by
themselves if they know that those who are
appointed to see the moon lack the quality
of 'Adl and they accept the testimony of the
non-'Adl people.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/153865/credibility-of-sighting-the-moon-of-ramadan-by-innovators

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