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Duties Of Angels. by Taamas111 (m): 5:49pm on January 13
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

I read a Hadith saying that there are
two groups of angles who follow you in
the morning and the evening. Do the
angles protect you or do they just stay
with you until they go back to Allah and
tell Allah about you?

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and Messenger.

The questioner may be referring to the
narration of Abu Hurayrah may Allah
be pleased with him, who narrated that
the Prophet said: "A group of
angels in the night and a group of
angels in the day alternate with each
other among you, and gather together
at the time of the 'Asr and Fajr
prayers. Then those who have spent
the night among you ascend, and He
asks them, and He Knows best, 'How
did you leave My slaves?' and they say:
"When we left them they were
praying, and when we came to them
they were praying ." [Maalik and An-
Nasaa'ee]
If you mean this narration, then the
scholars, may Allah have mercy upon
them, have different opinions whether
these angels are the same who are
keepers of humans or different.
Imaam As-Suyooti said: ' The
narration refers to the keepers; this is
the opinion of the majority of the
Muslim scholars as reported
from Al-Qaadhi 'Iyaadh and
others. Ibn Barzah was unsure
who they are, while Imaam Al-
Qurtubi said they are different
from the keepers. '

Imaam Ibn Hajar was inclined to
the opinion that they are not the
keepers. He said: 'There is no evidence
which proves that the angels who are
keepers ever separate from the
person, and also there is no proof
that the keepers of day are different
from the ones of night. If they were
keepers then they would not be asked
only about how the slaves were at
the time of their separation. '
Those who believe that they are keepers
differ whether they are those who
record the deeds of a slave or those
who protect him from evil (as the
Arabic word could mean either of the
two meanings)?

It seems that they mean the angels who
record the deeds as mentioned in the
verse (which means): { And indeed,
[appointed] over you are keepers,
noble and recording, they know
whatever you do. }[Quran 82:10-12]
Imaam An-Nawawi said: ' The
preponderant opinion and that of the
majority of Muslim scholars is that
these angels are those who record the
deeds. '

Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/151220/duties-of-angels

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