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Stats: 17,272 members, 67,672 Topics, 15,163 Comments. Date: May 24 2019, 4:05 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

I would like to know if the
Jumuah Khutbah can be given in
any language other than Arabic.
I have heard that none of the
Sahabah gave Jumuah Khutbah
in the local languages where
they went. If this is the case,
why do people give the Khutbah
in the local languages (English,
etc)? In our city some Imams
give a talk in English followed
by two Khutbahs in Arabic. Then
there are some Imams that give
a short khutbah in Arabic, then
speak for ten to fifteen minutes
in English. Then they sit down
again and give small khutbah in
Arabic. Then they speak for
another 10-15 minutes in
English. They then make Dua
and then start Salat. Please, let
me know what is the best and
correct way? I would also like to
know the daleel for Khutbah to
be given in English or any other
local language.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah,
The Lord of the Worlds. I testify
that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that
Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger
The Muslim jurists differed on
the issue of translating the
Jumuah Khutbah (public sermon
of Friday) to other than Arabic
language. Both parties have
their evidence. Shaykh Abdul
Azeez Ibn Baaz, may Allah have
mercy on him, collected both
opinions and their pieces of
evidence, and revised them.
The summary is as follows:

“Scholars differed in translating
Khutbah (public sermon) on
Friday and two Eeds (Festivals).
A group of scholars prohibited
it. They wanted to preserve the
Arabic language, to protect it, to
follow the way of Prophet
and his companions, because
they delivered the sermon in
Arabic language in the non-
Arabic countries to encourage
the people to learn the Arabic
language.
On the other hand, other
scholars permitted the
translation considering the
purpose of Khutbah. If the
audience or most of them do
not know the Arabic language,
the goal would not be achieved
if the Khutbah was delivered in
Arabic, because the Khutbah
was legislated for teaching
people their religious matters,
to guide them towards the right
path, to warn them from
badness etc. There is no doubt,
that respecting the meaning and
achieving the objectives are
more important than
maintaining the words and
customs, especially when the
audience is not interested in
learning Arabic language, and
there is no hope that
addressing them in Arabic will
make them rush to learn Arabic
language. In such circumstances
Khutbah in Arabic would not be
fruitful and its purpose would
not be gained. On this basis,
the opinion of the scholars who
permitted the translation is very
strong and closer to Sunnah.
If good number of the audience
know the Arabic language, then
it is preferable to deliver the
Khutbah in Arabic language.
Afterwards it should be
translated. Therefore, one may
achieve both benefits and the
conflict will be avoided.
Evidences proving the
permissibility of delivering the
Khutbah in languages other
than Arabic:
A: Allah says (what means): " We
did not send any Messenger but in the
language of his nation to explain to
them". [Quran 14:4]
B: The Messenger of Allah
ordered Zayd Ibn Thaabit, may
Allah be pleased with him, to
learn the language of the Jews
to correspond with them, and to
convey them Islam.
C: The Prophet’s companions,
may Allah be pleased with them,
did not fight the Persian and
the Romans until they preached
them Islam through the
interpreters."

The council of grand scholars in
K.S.A released a Fatwa which
reads:
There is no Hadeeth indicating
that Khutbah should be given in
the Arabic language. The
Prophet delivered his
speeches in Arabic, because this
was his and his nation’s
language. He addressed them,
and taught them in their
language. At the same time he
wrote letters to non-Arab
kings and leaders in the Arabic
language because he was
certain that they will understand
them through the interpreters.
On this basis it is lawful for an
orator to address people in the
Arabic language and translate
their sermons into the people’s
language, so that the latter
grasp what he has taught them.
However, it is permitted for the
orator to deliver the Khutbah in
the language of his country,
even it is not Arabic. Thereby
they will get the benefits of
Khutbah.
However, the best thing is to
deliver the Khutbah in Arabic
language and then to translate
it into another language. By this
way one may combine between
following the Sunnah and
achieving the purpose of
Khutbah. He will then keep away
from all conflicts."

Allah knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/139501/jumuah-khutbah-given-in-a-language-other-than-arabic

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