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Stats: 17,465 members, 69,315 Topics, 15,454 Comments. Date: Jun 18 2019, 7:39 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

I have asked this question but I could not
get the answers that is why I have re-ask. I
would want to know the Islamic perspective
on the causes of Poverty, its effects and
ways of eradicating it according to the
Prophet.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

First of all, you should know that this subject
is a long one and many books and researches
were published in its regard, hence it is not
possible to discuss this matter in details
here. However, we may say the following in
brief:
Islam is especially distinguished for
connecting the worldly matters with the
Hereafter, and it confirms that both richness
and poverty are a test from Allah to His
Slaves, and a person will be rewarded or
punished according to his reaction. When a
poor person realises this fact, prescience
becomes easier for him and thus he will have
a good fate in this life and in the Hereafter.
The reasons of poverty are various: poverty
might be a pure test from Allah, and it might
be a punishment for some sins, and it could
result due to unemployment. It might also be
due to a given group of people exerting a
monopoly on the money and preventing
others from it; there are many other
reasons.
Poverty has bad consequences: it could lead
to many bad social and moral circumstances,
like the spread of theft, bribery, and so
forth. The poor hating the rich is yet another
consequence of poverty.
Islam legislated many solutions for poverty,
the most important of which is to be
steadfast on the Religion of Allah and
encourage people to work and abandon
unemployment.

Among other solutions for poverty as well, is
legislating Zakat and encouraging people to
give charity so that the money will not be
monopolized by the rich. The donations by
the Muslim Treasury [Bayt Al-Maal] is also
another solution which was practised during
the brilliant ages of the Muslims, and this
has had a good effect on the Muslim society
at that time.

Allah knows best.

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