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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

Asalama alaikum wa rahmatullah, Please help
me out on this. My brother claims that if
someone started fasting ramadan for
example in Saudi where they started on 27th
september and then travelled to India where
they started on 29th september, he should
continue fasting and finish with indians even
though he has finished 30days as per the
calender of saudi that he started with. Is it
acceptable to fast more than 30days? please
reply with references fromt he quran and
sunnah which will make him understand
better. Thanks

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

There are different opinions of the scholars
about a person who started fasting in
one country and then travelled to another
country where they started fasting later than
the first country, whether he should
continue fasting with the second country
even if he exceeded 30 days from when he
started fasting, or should he break the fast
and not exceed thirty days.

An-Nawawi said: '' If a person starts
fasting in a country and then he travels to
another remote country where the moon was
not sighted at the same time as the first
country, and he had already completed thirty
days of fasting from the time he started,
then, if we say that each country has its own
ruling in regard to the sighting of the moon,
there are two opinions about this:

1- The most preponderant opinion is
that he is obliged to fast like them as
he is amongst them.
2- He should break the fast because
he acted according to the ruling
which applies to the first country.
If we say that the sighting of the moon
applies to all countries, then the people of
the second country are obliged to break the
fast at the same time as the first country if
the sighting of the moon was confirmed for
them by the statement of the person [who
travelled] or any other person, but they are
obliged to make up for the first day.
However, if this is not confirmed in the
second country, then he (the person who
started before them in a different country) is
obliged to break the fast as if he was the
only one who sighted the moon, but he
should break the fast secretly. '' [End of
quotation].
According to our view in Islamweb, each
country has its own sighting, therefore, the
most correct opinion, according to Imaam
An-Nawawi in this issue, is that if one
travelled to another country where they
started fasting later than his country, is
obliged to fast with them even if he fasted
more than thirty days. However, he may
break the fast secretly if he acts according to
the second opinion which is also a
considerable one.

To conclude, the scholars have
different opinions about the issue, and
whichever opinion one follows, he should
not be blamed. Nonetheless, there is no
absolute evidence from the Quran or the
Sunnah of the Prophet about it.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/153868/a-traveler-returning-to-his-country-in-the-end-of-ramadan

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