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Explaining The Hadeeth Encouraging Generous Spending On One’s Family On ‘Aashooraa’

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

The 10 th of Muharram is coming soon. It is
a day on which Allah The Almighty saved His
Prophet Moosa (Moses), may Allah exalt his
mention, from Pharaoh and his people, so
the Messenger of Allah ordered us to
fast on this day. My question is about some
activities that people do on this day, such as
cooking beans, chick-peas, and eggs. What is
the ruling on these things, and what is the
background of this custom or “innovation?”

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His Slave and Messenger.

If a Muslim does these things for the
purpose of providing generously for his
family and relatives, then there is no harm in
it. There is a Hadeeth reported in this
respect but scholars have differed about its
authenticity and most of them classified it as
Dha’eef (weak). The Hadeeth was narrated on
the authority of ‘Abdullaah that the Prophet
said: "Whoever provides for his
dependants lavishly on ‘Aashooraa' (i.e.10th
of Muharram) will remain in wide sustenance
for the whole year.”

As for the scholars' opinions on the issue,
the four schools of jurisprudence have
agreed that it is recommended to provide
generously for one's family on ‘Aashooraa’.

As-Saawi a Maaliki scholar, said, "It is
recommended to lavishly provide for one's
family and relatives on ‘Aashooraa’."
Sulaymaan Al-Jamal said, "It is recommended
to lavishly provide for one's children and
relatives on that day as well as to give charity
to the poor and needy people reasonably. If
one does not have anything to provide, he
has to improve his conduct and abstain from
wrongdoing." Al-Buhooti a Hanbali scholar,
said, "A Muslim should lavishly provide for
his children on this day." This was mentioned
in Al-Mubdi‘. Ibn ‘Aabideen a Hanafi scholar,
said, "Indeed, the Hadeeth encouraging
generous provision is authentic and Saheeh
as stated by As-Suyooti in Ad-Durar.”

Therefore, there is no harm in doing the
things you mentioned if they are done for
the purpose of generous provision reported
in the Hadeeth.

Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/163051/explaining-the-hadeeth-encouraging-generous-spending-on-ones-family-on-aashooraa

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