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Stats: 17,465 members, 69,314 Topics, 15,454 Comments. Date: Jun 18 2019, 6:41 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

I am a Shia and have this doubt about Ahl ul-
Sunnah, and no Sunni Mufti is agreeing to
answer a few questions. I have, such as
amongst the companions Abu Bakr is viewed
as the most superior on account of his
closeness to the Prophet . If this is
indeed the case then why did the Prophet
not select him to be his brother when he
divided the companions in to pairs on the
Day of Brotherhood? Rather, the Prophet
chose Ali may Allah be pleased with him,
saying "You are my brother in this world and
the next", so on what basis is Abu Bakr
closer? See the History of the Caliphs who
took the right way, by Jalaladeen Suyuti,
English translation by Abdassamad Clarke
p177, (Taha publishers).

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.

The excellence of Abu Bakr , may Allah be
pleased with him, over all other companions
, may Allah be pleased with them, is
something on which the Muhaajireen (those
who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah)
and the Ansaar (the citizens of Madeenah
who helped and gave aid to the Muhaajireen)
agreed in a consensus. Ibn 'Umar , may Allah
be pleased with him, narrated: " During the
reign of the Prophet we were not used
to equal anyone to Abu Bakr, then to 'Umar
then to 'Uthamaan , may Allah be pleased
with them, and then we did not distinguish
between the remaining companions
[considered the rest as equal in rank]. " [Al-
Bukhari]
Moreover, Al-Bayhaqi reported that Al-
Shaafi'ee said: 'None of the
companions nor their righteous followers
differed with regard to the preference of Abu
Bakr and 'Umar over all other companions ,
may Allah be pleased with them; nonetheless
some of them differed in relation to 'Ali and
'Uthmaan as to whom is better than the
other.'
Indeed, there are many texts [evidences]
which prove the excellence and preference of
Abu Bakr over all other companions , may
Allah be pleased with them, in excellence and
as a caliph; we are going to mention some of
them. The Prophet said: " If I were to
take an intimate friend, I would have taken
Abu Bakr as one, but he is my brother and
my companion. " [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] It
is also confirmed that 'Amr Ibn Al-'Aas , may
Allah be pleased with him, asked the Prophet
: " Who is the dearest person to you?'' He
replied: "'Aa'ishah." I asked: "And
among men? He said: "Her father. " [Al-
Bukhari and Muslim]Furthermore, 'Aa'ishah ,
may Allah be pleased with him, narrated:
"When the Prophet was ill during his
death sickness, when it was time for the
prayer and the call to the prayer was made,
He said: "Order Abu Bakr to lead the
Muslims in prayers." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
As regards the narration that you mentioned
in the question, it is reported by At-Tirmithi
that the Prophet said to 'Ali, may
Allah be pleased with him,: " You are my
brother in this world and in the Hereafter."

Some scholars classified the narrators
of this narration to be weak. Even if we
presume that this narration is authentic, the
most that could be said about it is that it
proves the excellence of 'Ali , may Allah be
pleased with him, this is a matter that no
one doubts. Indeed there are many texts
about his excellence and virtues.

However, in the above narration there is
nothing that suggests that he is better than
Abu Bakr , may Allah be pleased with him,
and this is not a defect or imperfection to
Abu Bakr , may Allah be pleased with him,
because if it was the case, it would be said;
why didn't 'Ali , may Allah be pleased with
him, accompany the Prophet when he
migrated, and why the Prophet did not
say: "I would have taken 'Ali , may Allah be
pleased with him, as a close friend Instead of
Abu Bakr . may Allah be pleased with him ",
and so forth.

Therefore, the excellence and preference of
Abu Bakr and 'Umar, over other companions
, may Allah be pleased with them, is evident,
and Abu Bakr , may Allah be pleased with
him, is the best of all other companions ,
may Allah be pleased with them, without
exception. This is indeed what 'Ali , may
Allah be pleased with him, himself believed
in and said. 'Abdullaah Ibn Salam ah
narrated: "I heard 'Ali , may Allah be pleased
with him, saying: "The best of the people
after the Prophet is Abu Bakr , may
Allah be pleased with him, and the best of
the people after Abu Bakr is 'Umar , may
Allah be pleased with him,. "[Ibn Maajah]
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/151560/abu-bakrs-closeness-to-the-prophet-sallallaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam

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