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Stats: 17,649 members, 70,908 Topics, 15,587 Comments. Date: Jul 20 2019, 9:51 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.

My question is regarding Salat. 'Umar
entered the mosque and finds that they have
started. So at the end 'Umar will have to
continue the Salat. Another man Ali entered
the mosque and finds that 'Umar was praying
alone. Can he join 'Umar in the Salat and
take 'Umar as an Imaam knowing that 'Umar
was just continuing his Salat from another

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His Slave and Messenger.

The scholars, may Allah have mercy on them,
differed in opinion about whether or not it is
permissible to pray behind someone who is
already preceded in prayer. Some of them
did not allow this and some others allowed
it; Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah
have mercy on him, is one such scholar who
considers that the preponderant opinion is
that it is permissible.

In our view, it is not permissible to take
someone as an Imaam, whilst being led in
prayer as it is not possible for a person who
is being led in prayer to be leading the
prayer at the same time. Al-Haythami , may
Allah have mercy on him, said that there is a
consensus of the scholars, may Allah have
mercy on them, about the impermissibility of
this. Nonetheless, if a person is preceded in
prayer and stands up to complete his prayer,
then it is permissible for other people to
pray behind him and consider him as an
Imaam according to a group of scholars,
may Allah have mercy on them, as he is no
longer considered as being led in prayer.
However, other scholars, may Allah have
mercy on them, did not permit this, since
this person has already been led in prayer.

This is in case he joined one Raka'h or more
in prayer with the Imaam, but if he did not
catch even one Raka'h with the Imaam, then
it is permissible for him to be taken as an
Imaam without any difference of opinion
that we know of.

Moreover, it is permissible for a person
being led in prayer to be leading the same
prayer if there is a sound valid religious
reason for the Imaam not to continue his
prayer [in case his ablution is invalidated for
instance], and he is pulled by the Imaam to
lead the prayer even though he had been led
in the same prayer.

Allah knows best.


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