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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

I want to ask you a question which makes
me worried and disturb since last 2 years.
As 2 years back my son aged 7 years fall
seriously ill, I was there and looking at him,
Doctors were pumping and breathing him
artificially, being a father I was worried and
at the moment I, promised Allah to have
fasting for one year if He gives my child a
new life, and he gave (so thanks of him)
since then I am worried about what to do,
whether I should fast continuously for one
year(without intervals or gap) or Can I
complete number of days of one year (i.e.
360 or 365 days) with suitable gaps (while
making promise I have not mention about it
nor it was in my mind). Please help me and
answer me as earliest as possible. I will be
very grateful to you.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is
His slave and Messenger, may Allah exalt his
mention as well as that of his family and all
his companions.
Whoever vows to obey Allah and conditioned
that vow upon the realization of something,
then he/she must fulfil the vow upon the
realization of such condition, as the Prophet
said: "Whoever vows to obey Allah has
to obey Him." [Al-Bukhari] Therefore you
have to fast for a whole year. However, the
scholars, may Allah have mercy on them,
differed in opinion whether or not it is a
condition for a person to fast consecutively.

Nonetheless, the most preponderant opinion
is that whoever vows to fast a whole year
without any specification and did not set any
condition that he will fast consecutively, and
this is your case as understood from the
question, then he does not have to fast for a
whole year consecutively. This is the view of
the Hanafi, Maaliki and Shaafi'ee schools,
and according to one of the two narrations
of the Hanbali school.

Imaam An-Nawawi, may Allah have mercy on
him, said: 'Whoever vows to fast a whole
year and did not set any condition as to the
manner of fasting, then it is not a condition
for him to fast consecutively; he may fast
360 days or twelve lunar months, he can
choose whichever option he wants, and that
is accepted from him. Any month that he
fasted from the beginning but then failed to
fast any day or days due to a sound valid
reason, then it is considered as he had fasted
the whole month. If he had not fasted from
the beginning but intended to fast a month,
then he has to fast thirty days.'
Imaam Ibn Qudaamah, may Allah have mercy
on him, said: 'He has to fast twelve lunar
months if he so wishes, and he may also fast
according to the number (of days) if he so
wishes. But if he starts fasting from the
middle of the month, then he has to fast
thirty days.'
Finally, we draw your attention to the
following two matters:

1) You have to break the fast on 'Eed
days and the three days following
'Eed Al-Adh-Haa as the Prophet
forbade us to fast these days.

2) You have to fast Ramadan making
the intention of fasting Ramadan as
it is not permissible to fast this
month with the intention of fulfilling
the vow, or to combine the intention
of fasting Ramadan and the intention
of fulfilling the vow at the same
time.

Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/171263/promised-allah-he-would-fast-for-one-year

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