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Performed Hajj, But Did Not Stand At ‘Arafah And Authorized Someone To Stand There On His Behalf

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

A man authorized another man to stand
at ‘Arafah on his behalf with the excuse
that he could not reach it because he is
paralyzed, and he had come to Hajj
from Algeria. He performed Tawaaf
(circumambulation) and Sa‘y (walking
between Mounts Safa and Marwah) on a
stretcher and also authorized someone
to throw the pebbles on his behalf.
Please advise, as this is a problem.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His Slave
and Messenger.

It is not valid to authorize another
person to stand at ‘Arafah on one’s
behalf. It is, however, valid to do so for
throwing the pebbles. A person who
authorized another to stand at ‘Arafah
on his behalf is required to perform
Hajj the following year. This is because
he missed the standing at ‘Arafah which
is a main pillar of Hajj, the missing of
which entails missing the entire Hajj
and this is specific to it. There is
conclusive evidence from the Quran,
the Sunnah, and consensus on the
standing being a pillar of Hajj.
As regards evidence from the Quran,
Allah The Almighty Says (what means):
{Then depart from the place from
where [all] the people depart.} [Quran
2:199] This verse is proven to command
standing at ‘Arafah.
Concerning evidence from the Sunnah,
there are many Hadeeths, the most
famous of which is: “Hajj is ‘Arafah.”
Also a number of scholars declared
consensus on this issue. Ibn Rushd
said, “They (the scholars)
unanimously agreed on it being a pillar
of Hajj and that anyone who misses it
must perform Hajj in the following
year.”

If the pilgrim failed to stand at ‘Arafah
intentionally or forgetfully or out of
ignorance until the dawn of the day of
Nahr broke (the 10th of Thul-Hijjah),
his Hajj is invalid and he cannot
compensate for it and thus must end
his Ihraam by making ‘Umrah (lesser
pilgrimage).

Scholars of Fiqh (jurisprudence)
differentiate between the Rukn (pillar)
and Waajib (obligation) as far as Hajj
and ‘Umrah are concerned, as agreed
upon by the four schools of Fiqh. They
state that Hajj and ‘Umrah have
distinctive pillars and obligations. The
distinction between the two is obvious
in the consequence of missing any of
them. If someone missed a pillar of Hajj
or ‘Umrah then his rite is incomplete. If
he can do it, whether it is Tawaaf or
Sa‘y, then he must do it. If he cannot
do it, like the person who missed the
standing at ‘Arafah by failing to stand
there until the dawn of the Day of Nahr
broke, then he has missed the Hajj of
that year. He should end his Ihraam by
performing ‘Umrah and has to perform
Hajj in the next year, because Hajj
cannot be completed unless all its
pillars are fulfilled.

Unless this brother (the questioner)
made a condition or ended his Ihraam
by making ‘Umrah, then he remains in
the state of Ihraam. He should thus
either return and end his Ihraam by
making ‘Umrah or maintain his Ihraam
and avoid whatever violates it until he
makes Hajj in the following year.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/173073/performed-hajj-but-did-not-stand-at-arafah-and-authorized-someone-to-stand-there-on-his-behalf

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