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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

As-salamualaikum. One male
can't fold his right knee ( Right
hip & Knee joints fractured in
accident). He desires to join
Jumma prayer. How he can join?
If, sitting on a chair, where to
place the chair. What would be
the flashing of the chair with
the line of Jamat?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah,
The Lord of the Worlds. I testify
that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that
Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger.
The one who prays sitting on a
chair is of two types:

The first type: the one who
prays sitting on the chair from
the beginning of the prayer to
its end; such a person should
make his backside when sitting
on the chair aligned with the
row whether the legs of the
chair become a bit forward or a
bit backward. Indeed, the
scholars stated that what
matters about the place of the
person led in prayer and who is
sitting is his sitting position.
The Fiqh encyclopedia reads:
“ What should be taken into
account in being forward or
backward for a person who is
standing in the prayer is (the
position of) his heel and not his
ankle, and what should be taken
into account in regard to the
person who is sitting is (the
position of) his backside.”
Indeed, Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen
was asked about someone
who prays in the mosque on a
chair, would he make the rear
legs of the chair aligned with
the legs of the congregation, or
does he make the front legs of
the chair aligned with the legs
of the congregation? He replied:
“He should make the rear legs
of the chair aligned with the
legs of the congregation.” He
was told: “But if this is the case,
when he stands he would be
ahead of the row?” He said: "He
is not standing, so he should
make his backside aligned with
the legs of the congregation...”
Of course, the statement of the
Shaykh applies to the one who
prays sitting all along the
prayer.

The second type: the one who
prays standing but he will sit
when bowing down and when
prostrating. We have not come
across any statement of the
former jurists about the
position of the praying person
in such a case; however, Shaykh
Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Barraak was
asked about this and he said:
"What should be taken into
account here is the standing
position, so he should be level
with the row when standing. In
this case, the chair will be
behind the row, and it should
be placed in such a manner that
does not disturb the praying
people in the row behind."

It should be noted that a
person who has a sound reason
for not standing in the prayer
and prays while sitting on a
chair, then this excuse does not
make it permissible for him to
sit on the chair and lean
forward for bowing down [Ruku’]
and prostrating [Sujood] if he is
able to perform them, and if he
has a sound reason for not
performing Ruku’ and Sujood in
a proper manner, then this
excuse does not make it
permissible for him to leave
standing and sit on the chair if
he is able to stand. The rule
about the pillars of the prayer
and its conditions is that what a
praying person is able to do, he
is obligated to do it and what
he is unable to do, he is
exempted from doing it.
Therefore, if someone is unable
to stand, he is permitted to sit
on a chair during the standing
position of the congregation
and he should perform Ruku’
and Sujud in the proper
manner, and if he can stand but
it is difficult for him to perform
Ruku’ and Sujood, then he
should pray standing and then
sit on the chair when
performing Ruku’ and Sujood,
but he should make the
prostration lower than the
bowing.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/174205/where-to-place-the-chair-in-the-row-when-praying-sitting

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