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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

asalamu alikum is this from the
obligations(wajibat) of salah(if so then
what is the proof for that) (do we have
to give sajda sahw if we miss it) Saying
“Rabb ighfir li (Lord forgive me)”
between the two prostrations

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and messenger.
According to the view of the majority of
the scholars the saying of the
praying person ‘Rabi Aghfir li’ between
the two prostrations is desirable and
not an obligation of the obligations of
the prayer because the Prophet did
not order the person who did not know
how to pray to say it. However, the
Hanbali School of jurisprudence is of
the view that it is a Waajib (obligation).

The Encyclopedia of Fiqh (Islamic
jurisprudence) reads,
“In regard to the sitting between the
two prostrations, it is a Sunnah to seek
forgiveness [i.e. to say ‘Rabi Aghfir li’]
according to the Hanafi, Maaliki and
Shaafi’i Schools of jurisprudence, and it
is also a narration from Ahmad. The
evidence for this is that Huthayfah, may
Allah be pleased with him, prayed with
the Prophet and he [i.e. the
Prophet] used to say between the two
prostrations: ''‘Rabi Aghfir li, Rabi Aghfir
li’. Nonetheless, it is not an obligation
to seek forgiveness [i.e. to say ‘Rabi
Aghfir li’] because the Prophet did
not teach the person who did not know
how to pray to say it. However, the
known view of the Hanbali School is
that it is a Waajib (obligation), and this
is the view of Is-Haaq and Daawood.”

The evidence which the Hanbali School
provided for saying that it is an
obligation is that this was confirmed
from the Prophet as he said: "Pray
as you see me praying.” According to
them, if one deliberately leaves it, his
prayer becomes void, and if one leaves
it out of forgetfulness, he must
prostrate for forgetfulness.

Al-Mughni, authored by Ibn Qudaamah
reads, “If one forgets something
among the obligatory mention [Ath-
kaar], like the Tasbeeh in the bowing
down position [Rukoo’] and in the
prostration [Sujood], and saying ‘Rabi
Aghfir li’ between the two prostrations,
and the saying of ‘Rabana walaka Al-
hamd’, then he should not go back to
them once he has moved from the
position where he should say it; rather,
he should continue [his prayer] and
prostrate for forgetfulness because of
leaving it, by analogy to leaving the
Tashahhud.”

In our view, the preponderant opinion
is the view of the majority of the
scholars as the Prophet mentioned
to the person who did not know how to
pray what he should do and say so that
his prayer be valid and he told him:
"The prayer of one of you is not
complete until he……” and he did not
mention to him seeking forgiveness [i.e.
saying ‘Rabi Aghfir li’] between the two
prostrations, and he did not mention to
him the Tasbeeh in the bowing position
and in the prostration because had this
been an obligation [Waajib], he would
have clarified it to him. Rather, it is a
recommended Sunnah (Prophetic
tradition) as it was confirmed that the
Prophet did it.

Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/176407/saying-rabi-aghfir-li-between-the-two-prostrations

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