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Missed Many Days Of Ramadan Fasting And Has Become Unable To Make Up For Them

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question:

My mother used to not fully fast
Ramadan before, but just a few weeks
ago Al-Hamdulillaah, she decided to
start fasting for the coming Ramadan.
But we just found out that she is sick
and she might need to live on
medication for the rest of her life. And
she might not be able to fast, due to
the possibility of endangering her
health if not taking the medication on
time. What should she do then for the
days she doesn't fast? Is it ok not to
fast in her situation? Would god forgive
her for not fasting before when she
asks forgiveness?

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and Messenger.
Your mother is obliged to do many
things:

1- She is obliged to repent if she
deliberately broke the fast without any
sound religious reason. To deliberately
break the fast in Ramadan is a great
major sin which requires repentance.
2- She is obliged to make up for any
days she failed to observe the fasting
and pay a compensation for each day.
The compensation (for feeding a person)
is 750 grams of food for each day she
broke the fast if she delayed making up
the days she broke the fast while being
able to make them up from previous
year to the year after it; and this is
what appears from the question.
3- If a trustworthy doctor rules that
she became unable to fast due to this
disease and that this condition of being
unable will continue and she is not
expected to be cured from it, then she
will not be obliged to make up the
numbers of days she broke the fast but
she is obliged to give another
compensation instead of making up the
days she broke the fast-according to
the number of days she broke the fast.
Imaam An-Nawawi stated the
same thing for a person who dies and
did not observe fasting, as he said: ' If a
person delays making up the days he
broke the fast while being able until he
dies after the commencement of
Ramadan before he makes them up, his
heirs are obliged to give a
compensation on his behalf. There are
two well-known opinions on this issue.
The most correct opinion according to
the Shaafi'ee school is that his heirs are
obliged to give compensation twice; 750
grams of food for breaking the fast and
another 750 grams for delaying to make
up the fasting in due time. Al-Maawardi
said: "This is the view of the
Shaafi'ee and the opinion of all the
scholars of the Shaafi'ee school
with the exception of Ibn Suraij.'
4- Now she is like a very old person,
she is not obliged to fast but she is
only obliged to pay compensation
according to what we have already
explained.

As regards your question to whether or not
she is able to fast on this condition, the
answer is that if a trustworthy doctor
informs her that her life will be in danger if
she does so, then it is not permissible for
her to fast.
As to whether Allah will forgive her or not if
she repents and seeks His Forgiveness, then
this is a matter that only Allah Knows but
she should know that Allah forgives all the
sins. Allah Says (which means): {Say, "O My
servants who have transgressed against
themselves [by sinning] do not despair of
the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives
all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the
Forgiving, the Merciful." }[Quran 39:53].
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/153553/missed-many-days-of-ramadan-fasting-and-has-become-unable-to-make-up-for-them

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