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Qunoot In Hard Times. by Taamas111 (m): 6:15pm on January 11
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question:

I ask about Du'a in hard times. There
are some Ahadeeth in Saheeh Muslim
which mentions that the Qunoot is
Sunnah? Do we have to do it for every
prayer?

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger.
As a rule, Qunoot (supplication) is a
Sunnah (tradition) of Prophet, may Allah
exalt his mention. According to the
opinion of Imam Ahmad and Imam Abu
Hanefah Qunoot is a Sunnah in Al-
Witr prayer. It is better to make Qunoot
in Al-Witr prayer before Rukoo',
although it is acceptable to be after
Rukoo'.
However, if any disaster or calamity
befalls Muslims, such as epidemics,
floods, fear from the enemy's outrage,
aggression, oppression or injustice, they
are ordained to supplicate in Qunoot in
the last Rak'ah of every obligatory
prayer. Qunoot should be before or
after the Rukoo'.
Here are some evidence regarding
Qunoot:

1. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, An-
Nasa'i and Ibn Majah on the
authority of Anas, may Allah be pleased
with him, that the Prophet Muhammad
supplicated Qunoot for one whole
month, calling down the wrath of Allah
upon some Arab tribes (Arabs from
Banu Sulaim, Rei'l and Thakwaan), then
he left it (didn't supplicate Qunoot
anymore). Al-Bukhari's narration
(reads); “ He (the Prophet Muhammad
) supplicated with Qunoot when his
missionaries (Qurra') were killed
(by Arab tribes, Banu Sulaim, Rei'l and
Thakwaan). I didn't see him more
grieved of any incident as he was in
this incident. ”

2. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim and
at-Tirmithi on the authority of
Al-Bara' Ibn 'Aazeb, may Allah be
pleased with him, that the Prophet
Muhammad supplicated with
Qunoot in Maghrib and Fajr prayers.

3. It is narrated by Ahmad and Abu
Dawood on the authority of Ibn
Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him,
who said: “ The Prophet supplicated
with Qunoot continuously during a
whole month in Thuhr, Asr, Maghrib,
'Ishaa, and Subh (Fajr) in the end of the
prayer. He (the Prophet Muhammad
) recited (Qunoot) after raising from
Rukoo' in the last Rak'ah, and then he
called down the wrath of Allah
upon Banu Sulaim, Rei'l, Thakwaan and
'Osayyah, and the followers (his
companions who were praying after
him) were saying Ameen. "
4. Qunoot should be preformed in the
last Rak'ah of Thuhr and 'Ishaa prayer,
and in the Fajr prayer after saying:
'Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah' (Allah
hears the one who praises Him). The
supplicant should pray for believers and
invoke evil on infidels.

As for Qunoot daily in Fajr prayer, there
is a disagreement among Muslim
scholars concerning this issue. Imams
Ahmad and Abu Haneefah held
the opinion that it is not a Sunnah to
make Qunoot in Fajr prayer or any
other prayer except Al-Witr. Malik Al-
Ashjai’e said to his father Abu
Malik Al-Ashjai’e, may Allah be pleased
with him: 'You prayed with Allah's
Messenger , Abu Bakr, 'Umar,
Uthman and with 'Ali here in Kufa for
five years. Did they make Qunoot in al-
Fajr?' His father replied: 'O my son! It
is something that has been
innovated.' (Reported by At-Tirmithi).
Most scholars follow such a
rule. However, Imams Malik and al-
Shafi'e held the opinion that it is
a Sunnah to make Qunoot in Fajr prayer
at all times.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/142514/qunoot-in-hard-times

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