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27th Of Rajab And 15th Of Sha'ban. by Taamas111 (m): 5:13pm on January 11
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.

I have to question concerning the
month of Rajab and Sha'ban. Some
people say that the 27th Rajab and 14 th
of Sha'ban nights of worship. Please
explain in detail, so I can help my
Pakistani community to understand this,
because in our country they said that it
is a special night and I don't see any
evidence in the Hadeeth why they said
that also. Is there is a difference in

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and Messenger.
There are two types of fasting in Islam.
The first one is obligatory fasting and
the second one is supererogatory

1) Obligatory fasting: The Ramadan
fasting is the only fasting coming under
the category of obligatory fasting in
Islam. Observing fasting during the
whole month of Ramadan (9 th month of
Islamic calendar) is an obligation for all

2) Supererogatory fasting: In this
category embraces fasting different
occasions and particular dates such as
the 9th and 10th of Muharram (the first
month of Islamic calendar), on the day
of ‘Arafa in the Hajj, the three
consecutive days of 13 th, 14th and
15 th of every moth of Islamic calendar
(Ayyam Al-Beedh) and every Mondays
and Thursdays. Observing fasting on
these days is the Sunnah of the Prophet

Fasting on the day of Al-Isra’ and Al-
Mi’araj: As for fasting on the day of al-
Isra and al-Mi'raj, it is not proved in
the Sunnah of the Prophet . If it
was recommendable, the Prophet
would have stated so as we have seen
concerning supererogatory fasting.
Thus, it is not correct to observe
fasting on this specific day. Then, there
is difference among scholars
concerning specifying the day of al-Isra.
Ibn Hajar in al-Fat’h mentioned
that there are more than ten opinions
in this concern. This disagreement
indicates that this day has no special
significance for fasting or spending its
night in performing prayers. If so, the
Prophet and his companions would
not have missed it.
Basing on the above-mentioned, we
state that it is Bid'ah (innovation) to
fast this day as an observance since
there is no correct Prophetic narration
in this concern. But, if fasting on this
day coincides with any supererogatory
fasting or one's regular fasts (Monday
or day after day) then it is legal to fast
this day (the 27th Rajab).

Fasting of 15th Sha'ban (the 8 th month
of Islamic calendar): As for spending
the night of 15th of Sha'ban in prayers
and other forms of worship, there are
several Ahadeeth (Prophetic narrations)
in this concern, but there is
disagreement among scholars
concerning the authenticity of these
Ahadeeth. Some scholars consider those
Ahadeeth weak; other scholars consider
them sound. Thus, according to some
Fuqaha (jurists), it is desirable to spend
this night in optional forms of worship
such as prayer.
According to Ibn Taymiyyah some
of the Salaf (righteous predecessors)
were used to spending this night (15 th
of Sha'ban) in prayers and other forms
of worship. But, some of the Salaf
disliked gathering people at Mosque for
this night and considered that as Bid'ah
(innovation). Nowadays, many Muslims
perform a special prayer with special
recital on this night. This form certainly
is Bid'ah.

Imam al-Nawawi said: ‘A prayer
that is known as Salat Ar-Ragha'ib,
which is of 12 Raka'hs, performed
between Salat Al-Maghrib and Salat Al-
Ishaa' (evening and night prayer) at the
1st Friday night of Rajab and a prayer
of the 15 th of Sha'ban (100 Raka'hs) are
two forms of Bid'ah and are abominable
actions. We should not observe them...
Then, their Hadeeth is false.’
The Hadeeth that indicated to by al-
Nawawi in the above paragraph is
as follows: ‘Whoever prays a 100
Raka'hs at the night of 15 th of Sha'ban,
Allah will send a hundred angels for
him. Thirty ones give him glad tidings
concerning Paradise; thirty others give
him more confidence that he will be
safe from entering the Hell; thirty keep
him safe from the evils of this present
life; the last ten ward the wiles of the
devil off.’ This Hadeeth is invalid, al-
Nawawi said.

Finally, a Muslim is required to adhere
to obedience at this night (15th of
Sha'ban) and all other nights, to avoid
all forms of polytheism and to pardon
his brothers so that he may gain the
best excellence and favor. Then, he is
required to avoid all forms of Bid'ah,
since good lies in following the Sunnah
and evil lies in innovations.
Allah Knows best.


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