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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question:

What are the exact rules for making the
sacrifice for 'Eed-ul-Adhha? What
animals can be sacrificed? And what are
the rules for people sharing in the
purchase of an animal? Is there a
guideline as to what type of animal
should be purchased based on the
number of people that are interested in
splitting the cost? Please, let me know
as soon as possible. Thanks.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and Messenger.
"Al-Udhiya" (The 'Eed sacrifice) is a
Sunnah (recommended act) for any
Muslim who is able to do it. This is the
opinion of the majority of the scholars.
It is also one of the good deeds of
Islam as 'Aaishah narrated from
the Prophet as saying: “ Son of
Adam has not done any deed on the
Day of Adhha more likable to Allah than
shedding blood (slaughtering the 'Eed
sacrifice). So be pleased with it”. Most
scholars believe that slaughtering the
'Eed sacrifice is better than giving its
value in charity.
The sacrificed animal should be from
the livestock (cows, camels, sheep,
goats). As for the prevailing view in this
concern might be that the sheep and
goats are the best animals for the
sacrifice because the Prophet
never slaughtered on the 'Eed any
sacrifices except these kinds of animals.
But the camels, the cows and the
buffaloes could all be slaughtered as
'Eed sacrifices.

The 'Eed sacrifice should be in a good
state and fat enough so that its meat
could be eaten as this is a symbol of
Allah. And Allah Says (what means):
{ And whosoever honours the symbols
of Allah, then it is truly from the
piety of the heart} [Quran 22:32]
The 'Eed sacrifice should be more than
six months old if it is a sheep as
narrated by Ibn Majah in a Hadeeth
traceable in ascending order to the
Prophet as saying: “ Only a Jaza'a of
sheep can suffice as 'Eed sacrifice'' and
the Jaza'a is the sheep that is at least
six months old. As for 'Eed sacrifice
from the goats, it should be at least one
year old. The cow, if chosen to be 'Eed
sacrifice, two years old. But the camel
should not be less than five years old ”.
On the other hand, one should avoid
making sacrifice with a defective
animal. Al-Bara' Ibn 'Azib said the
Prophet stood before us and said:
“ Four (kinds of animals) are not
sufficient in the sacrifices: The one-eyed
whose loss of one eye is evident, and
the sick whose sickness is evident, the
limp whose limpness is evident and the
skinny one which has no flesh on it ”.
[Al-Bukhari]

The majority of scholars are agreed that
the four defects that are mentioned in
the previous Hadeeth could be taken as
a reference for other kinds of defects.
So, any defect that is equal to one of
them or worse than it makes the
sacrifice invalid like (the blind or one
which lacks one foot).
The castrated animal can suffice
because the Prophet Muhammad
observed 'Eed sacrifice with two
castrated rams. Also the sheep that was
born without a fat tail or which has at
least half of its fat tail can suffice as
'Eed sacrifice. But the sheep whose fat
tail was completely cut off does not
suffice.

Moreover, one sheep or one goat is
sufficient as 'Eed sacrifice for the man
as well as his own family. It is also
lawful for 7 people to slaughter one
cow as 'Eed sacrifice. Jabir Ibn Abdullah
said: “In the year of Hudaybiyah,
we along with Allah's Messenger
sacrificed a camel for seven persons
and a cow for seven persons ”. [Muslim]
The participant among the seven
involves his family with him because
the seventh here is the same as a
complete sheep or a goat.

The time for slaughtering the sacrifice
is after the ‘Eed prayer and slaughtering
it before the ‘Eed prayer does not
suffice as the Prophet said: “ The
first (act) with which we start our day
(the day of ‘Eed Al-Adha) is that we
offer the prayer. We then return and
sacrifice the animals and he who does
that in fact has adhered to our Sunnah
(practice). And he who slaughters the
animal on that day before the 'Eed
prayer, is for him (the slaughtering of
animal is directed to the acquiring of)
and the meat for his family, and there
is nothing of the sort of sacrifice in it”.
He also said: “ He who sacrifices
(the animal) before offering the ('Eed)
prayer, he should offer again in its
stead, and he who did not sacrifice the
animal should slaughter it by reciting
the name of Allah ”

It is likable for one to witness
slaughtering his sacrifice or to slaughter
it himself and to divide it into three
parts. He eats one third with his family,
he gives out one third in charity and
one third as gifts as the Prophet
said to his daughter Fatimah, may Allah
be pleased with her: " Be present when
your 'Eed sacrifice is slaughtered. Allah
forgives you as the first drop of its
blood comes out ". [Al-Bayhaqi ' and
Abdul Razzaq]
He should also say when slaughtering it
“ Bismillah, O Allah! It is from Your
favor and for You ”.
Allah knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/155230/making-sacrifice-on-the-day-of-eed-al-adha

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