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The Prophet’s, Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, Hijrah Was Not A Political Decision

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question:

Assalamu alaikum.Was Hijra a political
decision?A group here claims so.They
say after Prophet(peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him)was made leader and
asked by Medinians to go to Medina he
decided to migrate to Medina to
establish Islamic state.It was Hijra that
ultimatley lead to the formation of
Islamic state as Allah said to establish
religion in 42:13.So aim of Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him)was to establish a state and that is
why he took the political decision to
migrate.This migration ultimately lead
to formation of Islamic state.Is this
opinion correct?Was Hijra a political
decision?Thank you.

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave
and Messenger.
We cannot say that migration was a
political decision but we say that it was
an implementation of the Order of Allah
to His Prophet to migrate to
Madeenah. The Prophet said to Abu
Bakr as in the long narration about
migration: “I was given permission to go
out [migrate]. ” [Al-Bukhari]

This confirms that migration from non-
Muslim countries where one is not safe
about his religion is valid until the Day
of Judgment, as the Prophet said:
“ Migration does not stop as long as the
enemy is fought. ” [Ahmad]
The Prophet also said: “Migration
does not stop until repentance stops,
and repentance does not stop until the
sun rises from the West. ” [Abu Dawood]

Also, we do not say that migration was
in order to establish an Islamic state
only, but we say that migration had
other purposes, the most important of
which is for the Prophet to find a
safe and secure place for himself and
for his companions so that he
would be able to convey the Message of
his Lord. It is for this reason that he
used to say during the seasons of
Hajj: “ Who would shelter me, who
would support me so that I could
convey the Message of my
Lord? ” [Ahmad] There is no doubt that
after this, the Prophet was made
powerful and so the Islamic state was
established.

As regards establishing religion as Allah
stated in the Quran (what means): { ...
to establish the religion... . } [Quran
42:13], then the interpreters of the
Quran stated that what is meant by it is
to act upon religion and it was an order
to unite and avoid dissension and
division.

Finally, it should be noted that it is
known that some Prophets did not
establish a state with the known
meaning of the state, but they worked
towards conveying the Message of
Allah, and in this case they would have
established religion and fulfilled what
they were commanded by Allah.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/150758/the-prophets-sallallaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam-hijrah-was-not-a-political-decision

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