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Beginning Of Ramadan. by Taamas111 (f): 5:46pm on January 11
Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question:

Why doesn't the whole Muslim world
start Ramadan and celebrate 'Eeds on
same days?

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord
of the Worlds. I testify that there is
none worthy of worship except Allah,
and that Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger, may Allah exalt his mention
as well as that of his family and all his
companions.
The reason all Muslims do not fast or
break the fast on the same day is due to
the difference of opinion among the
scholars in considering the
different times of crescent rising from
one country to another. They differ
also about whether or not the month
could be determined astronomically.
The Muslim scholars differed about the
sighting of the crescent, i.e. if it is seen
in one Muslim country, are all the
Muslims obliged to fast and break the
fast by this sighting, or is it that every
country or those countries must have
their own sighting of crescent rising?

The majority of scholars of the Hanafi,
Maliki and Hanbali schools are of the
opinion that everybody has to adhere to
the sighting if this is confirmed.
Ibn 'Umar narrated that the
Prophet said: "If you see the
crescent, you have to fast, (i.e. start
the month of Ramadan) and if you
see it (again) you have to break the
fast, but if the weather is cloudy
(and you are unable to see the
crescent) then you have to estimate
it." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

In another narration that explains the
above mentioned one, he said: "If
you are unable to see the moon
because of clouds, then count 30
days." [Muslim]
Imam Ash-Shafi'ee and some other
Muslim scholars say that there is
a difference in the rising of the
crescent from one country to another.
This was the opinion of Ibn Abbas
who said: "This was the order of the
Prophet ." [Muslim]

Among the reasons the Muslims differ
regarding the beginning of Ramadan and
its end (fasting and breaking the fast) is
that some Muslim scholars determine
the month by astronomical
measurements supporting their opinion
with the saying of the Prophet :
"You have to estimate it." They
understand it as calculating the places
of the rising and setting of the crescent.
However, some Muslim scholars are of
the opinion that the difference of the
rising of the moon from one country to
another has its own consideration and
that the month of Ramadan is not
determined by astronomical
calculations.
Allah Know best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/146543/beginning-of-ramadan

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