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Praying For A Suicide Victim. by Taamas111 (m): 3:33pm on January 11
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
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Question

If a person died by suicide. Is it permissible
in Islam for the people to pray his death
pray (Salat-ul-Janaaza)?

Fatwa:
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His Slave and Messenger.
It is confirmed in the narration reported by
Imam Muslim that a dead man who
killed himself with large arrows was brought
to the Prophet to pray on him and he
refused. Imam An-Nawawi said in
his interpretation of this narration: 'This
narration is evidence for those who are of
the view that it is not permissible to pray on
someone who committed suicide because of
such disobedience. ' This is the view of 'Umar
Ibn 'Abdul-'Azeez and Al-Awza'i .
However, Al-Hassan , An-Nakh'ee , Qutadah ,
Malik, Abu Haneefah , Ash-Shafi'ee and the
majority of the scholars, may Allah have
mercy on all of them, are of the view that it
is permissible to pray on him. They argued
that the Prophet did not pray on him as
a way to deter other people from committing
the same sin; however, the companions
prayed on him. The evidence for this is the
same narration reported by An-Nasa'ee with
the following wording: " As far as I am
concerned, I am not going to pray on him. "

Imam An-Nawawi reporting the words
of Al-Qadhi 'Iyadh said: ' The view of all
the scholars is that it is permissible to
pray on the one who is killed by capital
punishment, or stoned to death, or
committed suicide, or born out of illegal
sexual intercourse. ' However, Imam Malik
and others are of the view that 'an
Imam should avoid praying on a person who
is killed by capital punishment, and that the
people of virtue should not pray on dissolute
people as a way of deterrence to others like
him.'

To conclude, it is permissible to pray on a
person who committed suicide, even if he
was a wise person and knew what he was
doing and saying, according to the most
preponderant opinion of the scholars. But a
scholar should not pray on him as a way to
deter other people from committing the
same sin.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/164441/praying-for-a-suicide-victim

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