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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
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Question

Asalamualikum, I was taught in
many fiqh classes that when
someone marries a girl or a boy
the father in law and mother in
law become Mahram after
marriage consummation. If
someone marries a woman or a
man their daughters and sons
from previous marriage become
Mahram right away. Now when I
read in many fatawas, they all
become Mahram before
marriage consummation. Would
you pleas tell me which one is
correct or there is difference of
opinion among scholars.
Jazakum Allah Khairan

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah,
The Lord of the Worlds. I testify
that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that
Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger.
The parents and grandparents
of the husband and his children
and grandchildren become
forbidden for his wife as soon
as the marriage contract is
conducted, and the mother and
grandmothers of the wife also
become forbidden for her
husband as soon as the
marriage contract is conducted.
As regards the daughters (and
granddaughters) of the wife,
then they do not become
forbidden for her husband until
the marriage is consummated.

Therefore, if a man marries a
woman, then her mother
becomes forbidden for him as
soon as the marriage contract is
conducted, according to the
view of the majority of the
scholars among whom are
the Four Schools of
jurisprudence. This is also the
preponderant opinion and when
mentioning the women whom
we are forbidden to marry Allah
Says in the Quran (what means):
{…and your wives’ mothers…}
[Quran 4:23] Allah did not
condition the consummation of
the marriage for the prohibition
of the marriage of the mother
of the wife to the wife’s
husband. Contrarily to the
opinion of the majority of the
scholars Ibn Qudamah
said: “It was reported from
‘Ali (Ibn Abi Talib) that she
[the mother of the wife] does
not become forbidden unless
one consummates the marriage
with her daughter, in the same
manner her daughter does not
become forbidden to the
husband unless the marriage
[with the wife] is consummated.
The wife also becomes
forbidden to her husband’s
father as soon as the marriage
contract takes place; Allah Says
(what means): {And [also
prohibited are] the wives of
your sons who are from your
[own] loins.} [Quran 4:23]
Ibn Qudamah also said: “It
is forbidden for a husband to
marry the wives of his sons as
well as the wives of the sons of
his granddaughters, either from
family lineage or from suckling
relationship, regardless whether
the relation is close or remote,
as soon as the marriage
contract is conducted, as Allah
Says (what means): {And [also
prohibited are] the wives of
your sons who are from your
[own] loins.} [Quran 4:23]

Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/175123/when-the-prohibition-of-marriage-to-mothers-in-law-and-stepdaughters-takes-effect

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