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Stats: 16,661 members, 63,994 Topics, 14,546 Comments. Date: March 24, 2019, 6:13 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

Salam alaikum, Is "Inna lilayhi wa
inna ilayhi" only to be said when a
Muslim dies, or also when a kafir
dies, when one looses his job, pet,
house, etc.? Salam alaikum Nuha

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The
Lord of the Worlds. I testify that
there is none worthy of worship
except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His slave and Messenger.
The texts from the Book of Allah and
the Sunnah of the Prophet (may
Allah exalt his mention), legislated
the permissibility for a Muslim to
say: {“Indeed we belong to Allah, and
indeed to Him we will return.”}
[Quran 2:156] when a calamity
befalls him in his own self, his
family or his money, and we have
already issued
Fatwa 90218 clarifying this.

Therefore, it is permissible to say:
“Indeed we belong to Allah, and
indeed to Him we will return.” when
losing one’s job, one’s animal, one’s
house and so forth. Rather, it is
desirable to say: “Indeed we belong to
Allah, and indeed to Him we will
return.” when one is afflicted with a
calamity. An-Nawawi said
about the Hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah, may
Allah be pleased with her, in the
incident of Al-Ifk (when she was
falsely accused of adultery) when she
mentioned the arrival of Safwan Ibn
Al-Mu’attal to her while she was
asleep that he said: “Indeed we belong
to Allah, and indeed to Him we will
return.” Imam An-Nawawi said:
"This is evidence that it is desirable
to say, “Indeed we belong to Allah,
and indeed to Him we will return.”
when one is afflicted with a calamity
in his worldly matters or in his
religion, whether it is in his own self
or in a person who is dear to him.”
However, is the death of a non-
Muslim a calamity? The death of a
non-Muslim may be a calamity for a
Muslim. Al-Hattab quoted in his
book Mawahib Al-Jaleel from Ibn
Rushd that he said in regard to
presenting one’s condolences to a
Muslim son about his dead non-
Muslim father, “There is no greater
calamity for a man than the death of
his father who used to be
compassionate with him and benefit
him in his worldly matters while he
was a non-Muslim, and so he will
not be with him in the Hereafter, so
one makes the calamity easier for
him (the son) by engaging him and
presenting his condolences to him.”
If the death of a non-Muslim relative
is a calamity for his Muslim relative
and he says: “Indeed we belong to
Allah, and indeed to Him we will
return.” for his calamity, then we
hope, Allah willing, that this is
permissible.
Allah Knows best.

www.islamweb.net/en/article/182969/when-to-say-inna-lilaahi-wa-inna-ilayhi-raajioon

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