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Traveling For A Distance That Would Allow For Shortening Prayers After ‘Umrah In The Tamattu‘ Hajj

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

A Muslim after finishing his ‘Umrah in the
Tamattu‘ Hajj traveled to Taa‘if, Jeddah or
Madeenah. Now he wishes to return to
Makkah. What is the place where he should
assume his state of Ihraam, knowing that he
may return to Makkah several days before
the day of Tarwiyah (the 8th of Thul-Hijjah)?
Should he remain in the state of Ihraam
(ritual consecration) for all these days? This
is in the case of having to assume the state
of Ihraam from the Meeqaat (designated
places for assuming Ihraam). Can he return
to Makkah without Ihraam, then, go back to
the Meeqaat on the 7th or 8th of Thul-Hijjah
to assume his state of Ihraam from there?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the
Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of
worship except Allah, and that Muhammad
is His Slave and Messenger.

Muslim jurists are of different opinions
concerning the pilgrim who performs ‘Umrah
during the months of Hajj and travels before
the day of Tarwiyah (8th of Thul-Hijjah) for a
distance which allows his shortening prayer
as to whether he should end his Tamattu‘ and
must assume the state of Ihraam once again
upon returning to Makkah, or that he would
not need to assume his state of Ihraam.
Some scholars said that his Tamattu' ends
and he is not required to slaughter a
sacrificial animal for Tamattu', then, he is to
assume his state of Ihraam once again from
the Meeqaat. This is the opinion of the
Hanbali scholars. While mentioning the
conditions of Tamattu‘, Ibn Qudaamah
said,
He should not travel for a distance that
would allow shortening his prayer as ‘Umar,
may Allah be pleased with him, was reported
to have said, “If a pilgrim performs ‘Umrah
during the months of Hajj and remains there
[in Makkah], he would be considered as
performing the Tamattu‘ Hajj. If he leaves
and returns, then he would no longer be
considered as performing the Tamattu‘ Hajj.”
This is because if he travels, he would be
required to assume the state of Ihraam from
the Meeqaat.

Other scholars said that he would remain in
his Tamattu‘ and not required to assume his
state of Ihraam from the Meeqaat. Rather,
he should assume his state of Ihraam for
Hajj from Makkah on the day of Tarwiyah
after he returns. This opinion is approved by
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen when he was
asked about the pilgrim who visited the
Mosque of the Prophet between ‘Umrah
(lesser pilgrimage) and Hajj or went to Taa‘if
whether he had to assume his state of
Ihraam after returning to Makkah in Tamattu‘
Hajj. He answered, Ihraam would not be
obligatory on him [i.e. when a pilgrim who
performed ‘Umrah during the months of
Hajj, traveled to Taa‘if, Jeddah, or Madeenah,
then, returned to Makkah, he would not be
required to don Ihraam for Hajj] as he
returned to his original place. Instead, he
would assume his state of Ihraam for Hajj on
the day of Tarwiyyah in Makkah as if he is
one of its inhabitants who traveled to
Madeenah during the months of Hajj, then,
returned from Madeenah with the intention
to perform Hajj that year. He is not required
to assume his state of Ihraam for Hajj except
from Makkah.

The same fatwa was given by Shaykh Ibn Baaz
saying,
Whoever came for Hajj and performed
‘Umrah, then, stayed in Jeddah or Taa‘if,
while he is not of their inhabitants, then,
assumed his state of Ihraam for Hajj, he
would be considered performing Tamattu'
Hajj. His travel to Taa'if, Jeddah, or
Madeenah does not bring him out of
Tamattu' Hajj because he came to perform
them together and traveled to Jeddah or
Taa‘if for a need. The same ruling applies to
the pilgrim who traveled to visit Madeenah;
this obviously does not cancel his state of
performing Tamattu‘ Hajj. This is the
preponderant opinion, and he is required to
slaughter a Hady for Tamattu' Hajj.
Allah Knows best.

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