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Does The Deceased Benefit From Charity And Fasting If He Died When He Was Not Praying?

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

My father has recently passed away.
He has missed many salaah during
his lifetime. He has passed away at
aged 65.
Is there any way of paying to
charity any amount for the salaah
missed.
Please advise how to calculate the
number of salaah missed and the
amount to pay for charity for each
day of salaah missed.
Eg. 65 years less 15 years = 50 years
salaah missed. 50 years X 365 days
= 18250 days of salaah missed.
Your assistance in answering the
above will be greatly appreciated.

Answer

Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
The scholars differed on the ruling
on one who neglects the prayer out
of heedlessness and laziness. The
correct view is that he is a kaafir.
This has been discussed previously
in the answers to questions no.
and .
Once it is established that the one
who does not pray is a kaafir, it is
not permissible to give charity, fast
and do Hajj on his behalf.
The scholars of the Standing
Committee (9/69) were asked: Is it
acceptable to pray for forgiveness
and give charity for one who died
when he did not pray, or he used to
pray sometimes and sometimes he
did not pray? Is it permissible to
attend his funeral and bury him in
the Muslim graveyard?
They replied: The one who does not
pray because he denies that it is
obligatory is a kaafir according to
the consensus of the Muslims. The
one who does not pray out of
heedlessness and laziness is a kaafir
according to the more correct of the
two scholarly opinions.
Based on that, if a person who
deliberately does not pray dies, it is
not permissible to pray for
forgiveness for him, or to give
charity on his behalf, or to attend
his funeral, or bury him in the
Muslim graveyard, because the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said: “The
covenant that stands between us
and them is the prayer; whoever
abandons it is a kaafir.” Narrated by
Ahmad and the authors of as-Sunan
with a saheeh isnaad. And he
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: “Between a man
and kufr and shirk there stands his
giving up prayer.” Narrated by
Muslim in his Saheeh.
Standing Committee for Academic
Research and Issuing Fatwas
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abdullah
ibn Baaz … Shaykh ‘Abd ar-Razzaaq
‘Afeefi… Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn
Ghadyaan… Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn
Qa‘ood
If your father was unaware that
prayer is obligatory, or he followed
scholars who ruled that the one who
does not pray out of heedlessness is
not a kaafir, then we hope that
Allah will forgive him, and in this
case supplication and prayers for
forgiveness for him, and giving
charity on his behalf, will benefit
him.
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/170404/does-the-deceased-benefit-from-charity-and-fasting-if-he-died-when-he-was-not-praying

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