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Stats: 17,648 members, 70,876 Topics, 15,582 Comments. Date: Jul 19 2019, 10:34 pm

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

in Saudi Arabia, they dont say
ALLAHUAKBAR after the end of salah
and start with
Astaghfirullah,Astaghfirullah,Astaghfirullah
although ALLAHUAKBAR is
mentioned in the hadith in Sahi
Bukhari. Is it a confirmed sunnah to
say ALLAHUAKBAR and one shall say
it loudly after the prayer?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
Firstly:
Al-Bukhaari (841) and Muslim (583)
narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may
Allah be pleased with him) that
raising the voice in dhikr after the
people have finished the obligatory
prayer is prescribed and was done at
the time of the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him).
Ibn ‘Abbaas said: I would know
when they had finished when I
heard that.
According to a report narrated by al-
Bukhaari (842): I used to know
when the prayer of the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) had ended from the
takbeer.
The scholars differed as to whether
the dhikr and takbeer should be
recited out loud after the prayer.
The majority of fuqaha’ are of the
view that it is not mustahabb to
raise the voice in reciting the
takbeer and dhikr after finishing the
prayer. Ash-Shaafa‘i interpreted the
hadiths which refer to the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) raising his voice in dhikr
as meaning that the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said these words out loud
in order to teach the Sahaabah the
words of dhikr, and that he did not
do that all the time.
Al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (13/213)
Some are of the view that it is
mustahabb to raise the voice in
dhikr following the prayer, including
at-Tabari, Ibn Hazm, Shaykh al-
Islam Ibn Taymiyah, and others.
This matter is broad in scope, in sha
Allah, and the difference of opinion
concerning it is reasonable. The one
who favours the view that one may
raise the voice in dhikr following the
prayer should do so in a moderate
manner, without disturbing or
annoying others.
Please see the answer to question
no.

Secondly:
The scholars differed as to what is
meant by takbeer as mentioned in
the hadith of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah
be pleased with him). It was said
that one should say takbeer three
times after finishing the prayer. Ibn
Rajab (may Allah have mercy on
him) said: Imam Ahmad narrated
that ‘Amr ibn Dinar said: When the
imam said the salaam at the end of
the prescribed prayer, the people
used to say takbeer three times.
Hanbal said: I heard Abu ‘Abdullah
say: ‘Ali ibn Thaabit told us: Waasil
told us: I saw ‘Ali ibn ‘Abdullah ibn
‘Abbaas, when he prayed, say
takbeer three times. I said to
Ahmad: After he finished praying?
He said: Yes. I said to him: The
hadith of ‘Amr, from Abu Ma‘bad,
from Ibn ‘Abbaas (says): We used to
know that the prayer of the
Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) had
ended from the takbeer. Are these
people following that? He said: Yes.
Ibn Rajab said:
From this it is clear that what is
meant by the takbeer as known at
the time of the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) following the prescribed
prayer was three consecutive
takbeers. End quote.
Fath al-Baari by Ibn Rajab (7/396)
It was also suggested that what is
meant by the takbeer is saying
“Subhaan Allah, al-hamdu Lillah and
Allahu akbar (Glory be to Allah,
praise be to Allah, and Allah is Most
Great)” thirty-three times following
the prayer.
The scholars of the Standing
Committee were asked:
Is it prescribed for the worshipper
to say after the tasleem, “Allahu
akbar” before praying for
forgiveness three times, based on
the word takbeer in the hadith of
Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased
with him), in which he said: I used
to know that the prayer of the
Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) had
ended from the takbeer (agreed
upon)? If that is not permissible,
then what is meant by takbeer in
this hadith?
They replied:
When the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said the
tasleem at the end of the prayer, he
would start by asking Allah for
forgiveness three times, then he
would say “Allaahumma anta al-
salaam wa minka al-salaam,
tabaarakta yaa dhaa’l-jalaali wa’l-
ikraam (O Allaah, You are al-Salaam
(the One Who is free from all
defects and deficiencies) and from
You is all peace, blessed are You,
Possessor of majesty and honour)”.
Then he would recite the rest of the
adhkaar that have been narrated. As
for the takbeer in the hadith
mentioned, what is meant by it is
saying “Subhaan Allah, al-hamdu
Lillah and Allahu akbar (Glory be to
Allah, praise be to Allah, and Allah is
Most Great)” thirty-three times
after the prayer. In this way we can
reconcile between the hadiths that
have been narrated concerning this
matter. End quote.
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah
(5/420)
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah
have mercy on him) said:
The Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) used to recite
the adhkaar out loud after the
prayer. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas (may
Allah be pleased with him) said: The
people at the time of the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) used to recite the dhikr
out loud after the prayer. He also
said: We only knew that the prayer
of the Messenger of Allah (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) had
ended from the takbeer, i.e., from
the takbeer that was recited with
the dhikr, because the dhikr
included saying “Subhaan Allah, al-
hamdu Lillah and Allahu akbar
(Glory be to Allah, praise be to Allah,
and Allah is Most Great)”. End
quote.
Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb by
al-‘Uthaymeen (8/2)
For more information, please see
also the answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/217350/raising-the-voice-in-dhikr-and-takbeer-following-the-prayer

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