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How Did The Prophet (blessings And Peace Of Allah Be Upon Him) Know How To Pray When He Led The Prophets In Prayer?

Nigeria Student Forum / Books/Literature/Writing / Muslim's Forum / How Did The Prophet (blessings And Peace Of Allah Be Upon Him) Know How To Pray When He Led The Prophets In Prayer? (37) Views

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

When the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) led the Prophets in
prayer during the Israa’ (Night
Journey), how did he know how to
pray?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
The fact that the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) led
the Prophets in prayer on the night
of the Israa’ is proven in saheeh
hadiths.
In Saheeh Muslim (172) it is
narrated: “Then I found myself
among a group of the Prophets, and
the time for prayer came, so I led
them in prayer.” According to a
report narrated by Ibn Jareer at-
Tabari in his Tafseer (17/332):
“Then we went on until we came to
Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem], where I
led the Prophets and Messengers in
prayer.” See: al-Israa’ wa’l-Mi‘raaj by
al-Albaani, p. 13.
Ibn Katheer said: The correct view is
that he only met with them in the
heavens, then he came back down
to Bayt al-Maqdis, and they
accompanied him, and he led them
in prayer then. Then he rode on al-
Buraaq and returned to Makkah.
End quote from Tafseer al-Qur’an
al-‘Azeem (5/31).
There is no confusion about how the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) knew how to
pray when he led the Prophets in
prayer, because the prayer was
enjoined upon the Muslims from the
beginning of Islam. Hence, when
Heraclius asked Abu Sufyaan: What
does he enjoin upon you?
Abu Sufyaan said: He says: Worship
Allah alone, and do not associate
anything else with Him, and give up
what your forefathers used to say;
and he enjoins us to pray, give
zakaah, to be honest and chaste,
and to uphold ties of kinship.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (7).
Ibn Rajab said: This indicates that
prayer was prescribed from the
beginning of Prophethood, but the
five daily prayers were not enjoined
before the Israa’, and there is no
difference of scholarly opinion
concerning that.
End quote from Fath al-Baari
(2/103).
And he said: The hadiths which
indicate that the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him)
used to pray in Makkah before the
Israa’ are many.
End quote. Fath al-Baari (2/102).
Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqallaani said: Before
the Israa’, the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him)
used to pray irregularly, as did his
companions.
End quote. Fath al-Baari (8/671).
This is indicated by the hadith of
Zayd ibn Haarithah from the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him), that Jibreel
(peace be upon him) came to him
when Revelation was first sent to
him, and taught him how to do
wudoo’ and to pray. Narrated by
Imam Ahmad in his Musnad
(17026); classed as saheeh by al-
Albaani in as-Silsilah as-Saheehah
(841).
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy
on him) said: It is proven that our
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) led all the
Prophets (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon them) in prayer on
the night of the Israa’ in Bayt al-
Maqdis. It may be that this prayer
occurred before his ascent to
heaven, or it may be that it
happened after he came back down
to earth.
The scholars differed concerning
this prayer:
It was said that it was a verbal
prayer, meaning that it was du‘aa’
and dhikr;
And it was said that it was the well-
known prayer, and this view is more
correct, because it is more
appropriate to interpret the wording
in the shar‘i sense than in the
linguistic sense. Rather we interpret
reports according to the linguistic
meaning when it is not possible to
interpret it according to the shar‘i
meaning. But that is not an issue
here, so we must interpret it as
referring to the Islamically
prescribed prayer.
Prayer was obligatory before the
night of the Israa’, and it was
obligatory to spend part of the night
in prayer (qiyaam), as Allah, may He
be glorified and exalted, stated in
Soorat al-Muzzammil.
End quote from al-Masaa’il al-
Manthoorah, p. 26
See also the answer to question no.
145725
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/144462/how-did-the-prophet-blessings-and-peace-of-allah-be-upon-him-know-how-to-pray-when-he-led-the-prophets-in-prayer

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