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Ruling On Praying In A Torn Garment. by Taamas111 (m): 2:31am on January 11
Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

If one fnds a hole in their prayer
garment, and realizes that he/she
has been praying in such a
condition (the 'awra could be seen
through the hole) for some time,
are all of his/her prayers in need of
being repeated? If so, and the
person does not know for how long
this occurred, how can they be sure
they made up enough prayers?

Answer

Praise be to Allaah.
The scholars, may Allaah have
mercy on them, agreed that
covering the awrah is a condition of
the validity of ones prayer. The
evidence for this is the aayah
(interpretation of the meaning): O
Children of Adam! Take your
adornment (by wearing your clean
clothes) while praying [al-Araaf
7:31]
The conditions for clothes to cover
the awrah properly are as follows:
They should not show the shape or
contours of the body; if they do so,
this is no good because it does not
cover properly.
They should be clean (taahir). If the
clothes are unclean or impure
(naajis), then it is not correct to
pray in them, because it is haraam
to have any impurity (najaasah) on
ones body or clothes when praying.
Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning): And your garments
purify! [al-Muddaththir 74:4]. It was
reported that a baby boy who was
not yet eating solid food was
brought to the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him),
and he sat the infant in his lap. The
child urinated in his lap, and he
called for water and poured it over
the urine. The fact that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) hastened to wash the
childs urine from his clothes
indicates that it is obligatory to
clean ones clothes of any impurity
that may get on them.
They should be permissible, not
haraam, whether they are haraam
in and of themselves, such as silk
garments, or because of the way in
which they are made, such as
garments that come below the
ankles, or because of the way in
which they were acquired, such as
garments seized by force or stolen.
With regard to the matter of the
awrah becoming uncovered during
prayer, al-Shaafa'i, may Allaah have
mercy on him, said: It is good
enough for both men and women to
pray with their awrah covered. The
mans awrah is what I have already
described (i.e., from the navel to
theknee), and all of a woman is
awrah, apart from her face and
hands. The top of her feet is also
awrah. If during prayer any part of
the area between a mans navel and
knees becomes uncovered, or any
part of a womans hair, whether it is
a lot or a little, or any part of her
body apart from her face and hands
and wrist and no more than that
becomes uncovered, whether they
realize it or not, then both (man
and woman) must repeat the prayer
unless it was uncovered by the
wind, or it slipped and was
immediately replaced without delay
(no longer than it takes to pick up
the garment and place it back
immediately.) (Al-Shaafa'i, Kitaab al-
Umm, Baab Kayfiyyat Libs al-
Thiyaab fil-Salaah).
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have
mercy on him) said in his book al-
Mughni: Section: if a little bit of the
awrah becomes uncovered, this
does not invalidate the prayer. This
is the opinion of Ahmad and Abu
Haneefah. Al-Shaafa'i said: It
invalidates the prayer because it is
a ruling that has to do with the
awrah, and it is the same whether it
is a little or a lot, as is the case
with looking (at the awrah). We
have what was reported by Abu
Dawood, with his isnaad from
Ayyoob, from Amr ibn Salamah al-
Jarmi, who said: My father went
with a group from his people to the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him),
and he taught them how to pray. He
said, The one who reads Quraan
best among you should lead you in
prayer. I was the best at reading
Quraan, so they appointed me. I
used to lead them in prayer wearing
a small yellow burdah (cloak or
garment), and when I prostrated,
my awrah became uncovered. One
of the women said, Cover the awrah
of your reciter for us! so they
bought me an Omani shirt, and I
never rejoiced over anything apart
from Islam as much as I rejoiced
over that. Reported by Abu Dawood.
Al-Nasaa'i also reported from Aasim
al-Ahwal, from Amr ibn Salamah,
who said: I used to lead them in
prayer wearing a burdah made of
two attached parts in which there
was a gap. When I prostrated in it,
my backside showed. This was
common and was not denounced,
and we have not heard that the
Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) or any of his
Companions denounced it, because
if prayer is still valid despite a
severe problem where there is an
excuse, then we should
differentiate between whether the
problem is severe or not where
there is no excuse; it is like the case
of walking during the prayer.
Avoiding little matters may be too
difficult, so a little is excused, as is
the case with blood. Once this is
clear, the definition of a lot is that
which is offensive to look at, and in
this case there is no differentiation
between the private parts and other
parts of the awrah. A little is that
which is not offensive, and the
point of reference is that which is
customary, except that the two
private parts are more offensive
than anything else, so that is
considered to be an obstacle to
prayer This is a matter in which
Islam did not define what is
offensive, so the point of reference
is what is customary, as also applies
in the case of excessive movement
during the prayer
If these holes show what is
customarily regarded to be too
much of the awrah, and it shows it
for a while, or it is not possible to
cover them because the garment is
too small, for example, then the
prayer is not valid, because covering
the awrah is one of the conditions
of prayer, and if one of the
conditions is not met without a
valid excuse such as inability to
meet it, then the prayer is not valid.
You have to repeat the prayers
which you did wearing this garment.
If you do not know how many they
were, you should take what you are
certain of. For example, if you think
that they may have been four or
three or five, but definitely not
more than five, then what you can
be certain of in this case is five, and
so on. And Allaah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/3075/ruling-on-praying-in-a-torn-garment

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