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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

Is there a set number of things
that invalidate the prayer? I hope
that you can explain that if so.

Answer

Praise be to Allaah.
The things that invalidate the
prayer are well known, but the
number differs according to
differences among the fuqaha’. They
are as follows:
1 – That which invalidates wudoo’,
such as breaking wind or eating
camel meat.
2 – Uncovering the ‘awrah
deliberately. But if it is uncovered
by accident and what is uncovered is
only a little, or if a lot becomes
uncovered but he covers it
immediately, then the prayer is not
invalidated.
3 – Turning away from the qiblah to
a large extent.
4 – Presence of najaasah (impurity)
on one's body or clothes, or in the
place where one is praying. If he
notices it or remembers it during
the prayer and removes it
immediately, then his prayer is
valid. Similarly, if he does not find
out about it until after the prayer is
over, his prayer is still valid.
5 – Excessive continuous movement
during the prayer for no essential
reason.
6 –Omitting one of the pillars
(essential parts) of the prayer, such
as bowing and prostration.
7 – Deliberately doing an extra
pillar, such as bowing.
8 – Deliberately doing some pillars
before others.
9 – Deliberately saying the salaam
before completing the prayer.
10 – Deliberately changing the
meaning whilst reciting.
11- Deliberately omitting one of the
obligatory parts of prayer, such as
the first tashahhud. But if a person
forgets, his prayer is valid but he
must do the prostration of
forgetfulness (sujood al-sahw).
12 – Deciding to stop praying.
13 – Laughing out loud. Merely
smiling does not invalidate the
prayer.
14 – Deliberately speaking. If one
speaks by mistake or out of
ignorance of the ruling, the prayer
is not invalidated.
15 –Eating and drinking.
See: Daleel al-Taalib li Nayl al-
Mataalib by Shaykh Mar’i ibn Yoosuf
al-Hanbali (p. 34). And Duroos
Muhimmah by Shaykh Ibn Baaz.
And Allaah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/87749/list-of-things-that-invalidate-the-prayer

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