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Is It Permissible To Make A Player-place In Which Women Will Be In Front Of The Imam?

Nigeria Student Forum / Books/Literature/Writing / Muslim's Forum / Is It Permissible To Make A Player-place In Which Women Will Be In Front Of The Imam? (8) Views

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

What is the ruling on making a
place for women to pray (Taraweeh)
in front of the mosque (i.e., the
prayer-place will be in front of the
imam and they will be separated by
the wall of the mosque)? There is no
other place for the women to pray.

Answer

Praise be to Allaah.
Firstly:
It is better for a woman to pray in
her house. It was narrated from
Umm Humayd, the wife of Abu
Humayd al-Saa’idi, that she came to
the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) and said: “O
Messenger of Allaah, I love to pray
with you.” He said: “I know that you
love to pray with me, but your
praying in your room is better for
you than your praying in your
house, and your praying in your
house is better for you than your
praying in your courtyard, and your
praying in your courtyard is better
for you than your praying in the
mosque of your people, and your
praying in the mosque of your
people is better for you than your
praying in my mosque.” So she gave
orders that a ‘mosque’ be built for
her in the innermost and darkest
part of her house, and she used to
pray there until she met Allaah
(i.e., died).
Narrated by Ahmad, 26550; classed
as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah, 1689;
classed as hasan by al-Albaani in
Saheeh al-Targheeb, 340.
‘Abd al-‘Azeem Abaadi (may Allaah
have mercy on him) said:
The reason here is that women's
praying at home is better so as to
avoid fitnah, and that was more
strongly emphasized after the
tabarruj (wanton display) that
women introduced.
‘Awn al-Ma’bood, 1/193.
However, if a woman wants to go to
the mosque to pray, it is not
permissible for anyone to stop her,
if she adheres to the conditions
stipulated for her to go out, because
the Messenger (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not
stop your womenfolk from going to
the mosques if they ask you for
permission.” Narrated by al-
Bukhaari, 865; Muslim, 442.
See also question no. .

Secondly:
The basic principle concerning
prayer in congregation is that the
members of the congregation should
be behind the imam. The scholars
differed concerning the ruling on
one who prays in front of the imam.
The most correct of the views is
that it is permissible when there is
an excuse.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may
Allaah have mercy on him) was
asked:
Does prayer count if one prays in
front of the imam or behind him in
the mosque with a barrier between
them, or not?
He replied:
If a person prays in front of the
imam, there are three scholarly
views:
1 – The prayer is valid in all cases,
even though it may be makrooh.
This is the well-known view of the
madhhab of Maalik, and is the
former view of al-Shaafa’i.
2 – It is not valid in all cases, as is
the view of Abu Haneefah, and of
al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad according to
the well-known views of their
madhhabs.
3 – It is valid if there is an excuse,
but not otherwise, such as if there
is crowding and a person cannot
offer Friday prayer or the funeral
prayer except by standing in front
of the imam. In that case, praying
in front of the imam is better than
not praying at all.
This is the view of a number of
scholars, and it is an opinion in the
madhhab of Ahmad and others. It is
the fairest view and is the most
likely to be correct, because the
most that can be said about not
standing in front of the imam is
that it is one of the obligatory
duties of praying in congregation,
and all the obligatory duties may be
waived when there is an excuse,
even if they are essential parts of
the prayer. So it is more appropriate
to say that the obligatory duties
that are specific to prayer in
congregation prayer may be waived.
Hence things that the worshipper is
unable to do are waived in his case,
such as standing, reciting, clothing
himself, purity (tahaarah) and so
on.
In the case of prayer in
congregation, he may sit in the odd-
numbered rak’ahs for the purpose
of following the imam (i.e., he may
sit after the first and third rak’ahs –
this applies to one who joins the
prayer late, after one rak’ah). If he
does that deliberately when he is
praying alone, his prayer is invalid.
If he catches up with the imam
when he is prostrating or sitting,
then he should say takbeer and
prostrate with him or sit with him,
in order to follow him, even though
that will not count for him. And he
should do the prostration of
forgetfulness with the imam, even
though he is not the one who
forgot.
Also, during the fear prayer, he does
not have to face towards the qiblah,
and he does many actions, and he
leaves the imam before the salaam,
and he makes up the first rak’ah
before the imam says the salaam,
and he does other things that are
done in order to be part of the
congregation. But if he does them
with no excuse, then his prayer is
invalid.
The point here is that one prays in
congregation according to what one
is able to do. If the member of the
congregation cannot follow the
imam except by standing in front of
him, the most that can be said is
that he has not stood where he
should in order to be part of the
congregation, and this is less
serious than other options.
The same applies to praying behind
a row standing alone. If a person
cannot find someone to join him,
and he did not pull someone out of
the row to stand with him, then he
should pray standing alone behind
the row; he should not leave the
congregation. Similarly, if a woman
cannot find another woman to
stand with her, then she should
stand on her own behind the row.
This is according to the consensus
of the imams, because standing
with another person in a row is
enjoined when it is possible, not
when it is not possible.
Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 2/331-333
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah
have mercy on him) was asked: Is it
permissible for a member of the
congregation to stand in front of
the imam?
He replied:
The correct view is that it is
obligatory for the imam to stand in
front, and it is not permissible for a
member of the congregation to
stand in front of the imam, because
the imaam is supposed to be an
example and his place is in front of
the members of the congregation,
so it is not permissible for a person
to pray in front of the imam. The
Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) used to pray in
front of the Sahaabah (may Allaah
be pleased with them), and based
on that, the prayer of those who
pray in front of the imam does not
count, and they have to repeat their
prayer. But some scholars made an
exception in cases of necessity,
such as if the mosque is small and
there is not enough room for
everyone; in that case they may
pray to the right and the left of the
imam, and in front of him and
behind him, because of necessity.
End quote.
Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen,
13/44
Based on this, you should try hard
to make the place for women behind
the imam; if there is no place and
you cannot bring the imam forward,
then there is no sin in it, in sha
Allaah.
And Allaah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/65685/is-it-permissible-to-make-a-player-place-in-which-women-will-be-in-front-of-the-imam

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