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If Someone Loses His Wudoo’ Whilst Praying And Goes And Does Wudoo’, Can He Resume His Prayer From Where He Left

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Rufai Oladimeji
, Nigeria.
Question

If I lose my wudoo’ during the
prayer, should I complete the
prayer? Should I complete it from
where I left off or start the prayer
from the beginning all over again?
When should one say the tasleem -
is it after the imam’s first tasleem
or his second?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
Firstly:
The one who loses his wudoo’ during
the prayer, by passing wind or
otherwise, should go and do wudoo’,
then come back and start the prayer
from the beginning all over again,
according to the more correct of the
two scholarly opinions. This is the
view of the Maalikis, Shaafa‘is and
Hanbalis, unlike the Hanafis and the
older view of the Shaafa‘is.
This applies to the one who cannot
help breaking his wudoo’. As for the
one who breaks his wudoo’
deliberately, his prayer becomes
invalid according to scholarly
consensus.
The evidence quoted by the majority
concerning this issue is analogy
(qiyaas). They say, Because breaking
wind and the like makes wudoo’
invalid, so it also makes the prayer
invalid, as is also the case when one
breaks wudoo’ deliberately.
The Hanafis quoted as evidence the
hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be
pleased with her) who said: The
Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Whoever regurgitates, has a
nosebleed, vomits, or emits madhiy
(prostatic fluid) should stop praying,
do wudoo’, then resume his prayer,
and whilst he is in that situation he
should not speak”, but this is a da
‘eef hadeeth. It was narrated by Ibn
Maajah, 1221. al-Busayri said in az-
Zawaa’id: Its isnaad includes
Ismaa‘eel ibn ‘Ayyaash, who
narrated from the Hijazis, but his
narration from them is da‘eef
(weak).
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in at-
Talkhees al-Habeer, 1/495: More
than one of the scholars criticized
the report of Ismaa‘eel ibn ‘Ayyaash
from Ibn Jurayj and the report of
Ismaa‘eel from the Hijazis as da‘eef.
The scholars of hadeeth among the
companions of Ibn Jurayj differed
with Ibn Hajar and they narrated it
from Ibn Jurayj, from his father,
from the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) in a
mursal report.
End quote. See: at-Tahqeeq fi
Ahaadeeth al-Khilaaf by Ibn al-Jawzi,
1/83; Tanqeeh at-Tahqeeq by Ibn
‘Abd al-Haadi, 1/284
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy
on him) said: We have stated that
our view is the correct, new one,
that it is not permissible to resume
(from where one left off); rather
one has to start all over again. This
is the view of the Sahaabi al-Miswar
ibn Makhramah (may Allah be
pleased with him). It was also the
view of Maalik and others. This is
the correct view from the madhhab
of Ahmad.
Abu Haneefah, Ibn Abi Layla and al-
Awzaa‘i said: He may continue his
prayer from where he left off. This
was narrated by Ibn az-Zabbaagh
and others from ‘Umar ibn al-
Khattaab, ‘Ali and Ibn ‘Umar (may
Allah be pleased with them). It was
also narrated by al-Bayhaqi from
‘Ali, Salmaan al-Faarisi, Ibn ‘Abbaas,
Ibn ‘Umar, Ibn al-Musayyab, Abu
Salamah ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan, ‘Ata’,
Tawoos, Abu Idrees al-Khawlaani,
Sulaymaan ibn Yazaar and others
(may Allah be pleased with them).
The author mentioned in brief the
evidence for both views, but the
hadeeth is da‘eef. The Sahaabah
(may Allah be pleased with them)
differed concerning this issue, so
the matter may be resolved on the
basis of analogy. And Allah knows
best.
End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 4/6
See also al-Mughni, 1/421
Ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy
on him) interpreted the reports
about some of the Sahaabah exiting
the prayer because of nosebleed,
then going to do wudoo’, then
resuming the prayer from where
they left off as referring to washing
away the blood, not wudoo’ in the
sense of ablution for prayer.
And he (may Allah have mercy on
him) said: Rather what is meant by
wudoo’ here, in our opinion, is
washing off blood and whatever else
had gotten onto the body, not
wudoo’ for prayer. It was narrated
from Ibn Mas‘ood that he washed
his hands after eating, then he
wiped his face with his wet hands
and said: This is the wudoo’ of one
who has not broken his wudoo’. This
(usage of the word wudoo’) is well
known among the Arabs, who use
the word to refer to washing some
part of the body, not all the parts
that should be washed in the case
of wudoo’ for prayer.
End quote from as-Sunan al-Kubra,
1/143
Further evidence in support of the
majority view is the report narrated
by Abu Dawood (205) from ‘Ali ibn
Talq (may Allah be pleased with
him) who said: The Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) said: “If one of you
breaks wind whilst praying, let him
leave and do wudoo’, then repeat
the prayer.”
There is a difference of opinion as
to the soundness of this hadeeth. It
was classed as saheeh by Ibn
Hibbaan and as hasan by others.
In Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah
there is a question about the
hadeeth, “Whoever breaks wind
during the prayer, let him exit the
prayer. If that is during a
congregational prayer, let him hold
his nose and leave, and do wudoo’,
then let him resume his prayer
from where he left off, so long as
he does not speak.”
They replied: This hadeeth was
classed as da‘eef by some of the
leading scholars of hadeeth. Hence
what it indicates about the one who
breaks his wudoo’ during the prayer
exiting the prayer, then doing
wudoo’ and coming back to complete
what is left of his prayer, is not
correct. Rather breaking wudoo’
during the prayer renders it invalid,
and after doing wudoo’ the
individual has to start the prayer all
over again from the beginning, as is
indicated by the hadeeth of ‘Ali ibn
Talq (may Allah be pleased with
him) who said: The Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him) said: “If one of you
breaks wind whilst praying, let him
leave and do wudoo’, then repeat
the prayer.” Narrated by Ahmad,
Abu Dawood, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasaa’i
and Ibn Maajah; classed as saheeh
by Ibn Hibbaan.
End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah
ad-Daa’imah, 5/438, vol. 2
Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have
mercy on him) said: If a person
loses his wudoo’ whilst praying, by
breaking wind or having a severe
nosebleed and so on, then his
prayer is rendered invalid, according
to the more correct of the two
scholarly opinions, because the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said: “If one of
you breaks wind whilst praying, let
him leave and do wudoo’, then
repeat the prayer.” Narrated by
Imam Ahmad and the authors of as-
Sunan. This was also mentioned by
al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in al-Buloogh.
With regard to the hadeeth which
mentions resuming the prayer from
where one left off, this is a da‘eef
hadeeth, as was also explained by
al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in al-Buloogh.
End quote from Fataawa ash-Shaykh
Ibn Baaz, 10/159

Secondly:
It is preferable for the one who is
praying behind an imam not to say
the tasleem after the prayer until
the imam has finished the second
tasleem. See the answer to question
no. .
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/129666/if-someone-loses-his-wudoo-whilst-praying-and-goes-and-does-wudoo-can-he-resume-his-prayer-from-where-he-left-off-or-should-he-start-all-over-again

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