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Stats: 17,469 members, 69,352 Topics, 15,454 Comments. Date: Jun 18 2019, 6:36 pm

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.

If a woman has a miscarriage and
has discharge of blood, does she


This case depends on the type of
blood. Is the blood what is known as
child-birth bleeding nifas or vaginal
bleeding istihada (but not part of
her regular period)? The scholars
have declared the regulation in this
matter. They said: "If she sees the
blood after the abortion of a formed
human being, then it is nifas; if she
sees blood after the abortion of a
clot, then it is not nifas." 1 In the
latter case, she is considered to be
mustahada so she performs wudu'
for every salaat when the time for
it is due and she prays. Whereas if
the aborted object is a fetus or has
human-formed organs like an arm
or a leg or a head, then it is
considered nifas. For the case where
the aborted object is disposed of in
the hospital before the woman saw
it, the scholars have mentioned that
the least amount of time human
form starts to take place is eighty
one days after pregnancy.2 This is
based on what came in Abdullah Bin
Masoud's hadith (may Allah be
pleased with him), in which he said
the Prophet (peace be upon him)
spoke to us, and he is the truthful
and believed one, and said: "Each
one of you, human creation, forms
in his mother's womb forty days,
then he is a hanging clot for the
same amount of time, then he is a
mudgha (the size of a morsel) for
the same amount of time, then
Allah sends an Angel who is
commanded with four things: he is
told to write his deeds, his
livelihood and sustenance, whether
he is happy or distressed " 3 Ladies
in this case should spend the effort
to find out from the doctors'
estimations until her situation is
clear to her.
As for the blood that is discharged
just prior to a normal delivery, if it
is accompanied with the pains of
contraction then it is nifas, and if
not, then it is not. Sheikh ul-Islam
Ibn Taimiyya, may the mercy of
Allah be upon him, said: "What she
sees when the contractions
commence is nifas. What is referred
to here is contractions after which
follows delivery; otherwise it is not
nifas." 4
From the book What Should You Do
in the Following Situations... ?
1 al-Mughni ma' al-Sharh il-Kabeer
2 Majmooa Fatawi ibn Uthaimeen
4/292 Dar al-Qutni printing.
3 Sahih al-Buhari 6/303, Dar al-Fikr
4 Majmooa Fatawi Ibn Uthaimeen
4/327, Dar al-Fikr printing.


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