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A Baseless Hadith About The Virtues Of Some Soorahs Of The Qur’an

Nigeria Student Forum / Books/Literature/Writing / Muslim's Forum / A Baseless Hadith About The Virtues Of Some Soorahs Of The Qur’an (37) Views

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Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

How sound is this hadith? The
Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Ten protect against ten: Soorat al-
Faatihah protects against the wrath
of Allah; Soorat Yaa-Seen protects
against thirst on the Day of
Resurrection; Soorat al-Waaqi‘ah
protects against poverty ; Soorat ad-
Dukhaan protects against the
terrors of the Day of Resurrection;
Soorat al-Mulk protects against the
punishment of the grave; Soorat al-
Kawthar protects against disputes;
Soorat al-Kaafiroon protects against
disbelief at the time of death;
Soorat al-Ikhlaas protects against
hypocrisy; Soorat al-Falaq protects
against envy; Soorat an-Naas
protects against waswaas (whispers
from the Shaytaan).”

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
Firstly:
The topic of the virtues of the Holy
Qur’an is one of the topics
concerning which the fabricators
most fabricated their hadiths and
attributed them to the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him). Many of them sought
reward with Allah for that, thinking
– due to extreme ignorance – that
they were simply encouraging
people to read the Book of Allah,
may He be exalted, whereas in fact
they were doing something that the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) warned against
when he said: “Whoever tells a lie
about me deliberately, let him take
his place in Hell.” Narrated by al-
Bukhaari (1291) and Muslim (933).
One of the examples of that is the
report narrated by al-Haakim in al-
Madkhal (54) with his isnad going
back to Abu ‘Ammaar al-Marwazi,
according to which it was said to
Abu ‘Asmah Nooh ibn Abi Maryam:
how come you narrate from
‘Ikrimah from Ibn ‘Abbaas reports
concerning the virtues of the
Qur’an, soorah by soorah, when the
companions of ‘Ikrimah narrate no
such reports? He said: I saw that
the people were turning away from
the Qur’an and were focusing on the
fiqh of Abu Haneefah and the
Maghazi [accounts of the Prophet’s
military campaigns] of Ibn Ishaaq,
so I fabricated this hadith, seeking
reward with Allah thereby.
But the scholars are unanimously
agreed that it is forbidden to
narrate a fabricated hadith and
attribute it to the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him). The Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him)
said: “Whoever narrates a hadith
from me, knowing it to be false, is a
liar [like the one who fabricated it].”
Narrated by Muslim in the
Introduction to his Saheeh .
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy
on him) said in Sharh Muslim (1/71):
It is forbidden to narrate a
fabricated hadith, for one who
knows that it is fabricated or thinks
that that is most likely to be the
case. Whoever narrates a hadith,
knowing or thinking it to be
fabricated, without pointing out its
condition and explaining that it is
fabricated, is included in this
warning and is counted as one of
those who tell lies about the
Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him). End
quote.

Secondly:
With regard to the hadith
mentioned in the question, we could
not find it in any of the books,
whether they contain sound or
fabricated reports, after searching
thoroughly. It seems that there is
no basis for this report at all. This is
something that astounds a Muslim,
that fabrication of hadiths is still
going on in this day and age, and
that the fabricated hadiths continue
to increase in number. And Allah is
the One Whose help we seek.
With regard to some of the soorahs
mentioned in this hadith, there are
no saheeh (sound) reports that
speak of their virtues. They are Yaa-
Seen, ad-Dukhaan, al-Waaqi‘ah and
al-Kawthar.
See: Tadreeb ar-Raawi (2/372); as-
Saheeh wa’s-Saqeem fi Fadaa’il al-
Qur’an al-Kareem . See also the
answer to question no. 6460.
With regard to al-Faatihah, there
are many hadiths which speak of its
virtue, none of which suggest that
it protects against divine wrath.
With regard to Soorat al-Mulk, it
was narrated from Abu Hurayrah
(may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“There is a soorah in the Qur’an,
thirty verses, which will intercede
for the one who recites it until he is
forgiven: ‘Blessed is He in whose
hand is dominion…’ [al-Mulk] .”
Narrated by at-Tirmidhi (2891); he
said: It is a hasan hadith. It was
classed as saheeh by Ibn Taymiyah
in Majmoo‘ al-Fataawa (22/277) and
by Ibn Mulaqqin in al-Badr al-
Muneer (3/561). Ibn Hajar said in
at-Talkhees al-Habeer (1/382): al-
Bukhaari regarded it as a ma‘lool
(problematic) hadith, but there is a
corroborating report with a saheeh
isnad. It was classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
See also the answer to question no.
26240.
With regard to Soorat al-Kaafiroon,
what has been narrated soundly
concerning its virtue is the report
that was narrated from Nawfal
(may Allah be pleased with him),
according to which the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said of it: “it is a
disavowal of shirk.” Classed as
saheeh by Ibn Hajar in Taghleeq at-
Ta‘leeq (4/408) and by al-Albaani in
Saheeh Abi Dawood .
With regard to Soorat al-Ikhlaas,
there is no report about its virtues
which suggests that it protects
against hypocrisy.
The Mi‘wadhatayn [al-Falaq and an-
Naas] protect against the Shaytaan,
the evil eye, destructive envy
(hasad) and all other evils. It was
narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir
(may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Seek refuge with them [the
Mi‘wadhatayn], for you will not seek
refuge with anything else like
them.” Narrated by Abu Dawood
(1563); classed as saheeh by al-
Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood .
Conclusion: this hadith is false and
has no basis.
It was deemed false by Shaykh Ibn
‘Uthaymeen in the fourth volume of
his Friday khutbahs, in a khutbah
that was recorded under the title:
Responsibilities of the imam and the
one who is following him in prayer;
some lies that are falsely attributed
to Allah, may He be exalted, and His
Messenger. It is published on his
website (may Allah have mercy on
him).
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/82800/a-baseless-hadith-about-the-virtues-of-some-soorahs-of-the-quran

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