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Stats: 17,469 members, 69,351 Topics, 15,454 Comments. Date: Jun 18 2019, 6:25 pm

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
English
100Level, Nigeria.
Question

What do you say about the following
hadiths ?
1. Sayyiduna al-Lajlaj
(radiyallahu’anhu), a companion of
Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihi
wasallam), had bequeathed his son
that after he leaves this world, he
should recite the beginning and end
of Surah al-Baqarah at the head side
of his grave. Sayyiduna al-Lajlaj
(radiyallahu’anhu) then mentioned
that he heard this from Rasulullah
(sallallahu’alaihi wasallam). (al-
Mu’jamul-Kabir of Imam Tabarani;
Hafiz Haythami has regarded the
narrators of this tradition as reliable
– refer Majmu’uz-zawa’id vol.3
pg.44)
2. This has also been recorded to be
the practice of Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah
ibn ‘‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhuma) in
Sunanul-Kubra of Imam al-Bayhaqi
(vol.4 pg.56). This narration has
been classified as hasan (sound) by
Imam Nawawi and Hafiz ibn Hajar
(rahimahumallah). (al-Adhkar pg.212
Hadith493 & al-Futuhatur-
Rabbaniyyah vol.3 Sayyiduna
Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be
pleased with him) relates that he
heard the Messenger of Allah (Allah
bless him & give him peace) say:
“When one of you passes away, do
not keep his body for long and take
him quickly to his grave, and have
the opening verses of Surat al-
Baqarah recited at his head and the
concluding verses of Surat al-
Baqarah recited at his
feet.” (Recorded by al-Bayhaqi in
Shu’ab al-Iman and he said: The
reality is that this is a statement of
Abdullah ibn Umar (mawquf). See:
Mishkat al-Masabih no: 1717)
Summary of answer:
Summary of the answer: It is not
proven from the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) or
from Ibn ‘Umar that it is mustahabb
to recite anything of the Qur’an
after burying the deceased, whether
that is the beginning or end of
Soorat al-Baqarah or anything else.
We do not know of any proven
report from any of the Sahaabah
(may Allah be pleased with them)
concerning this matter.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.
This hadith was narrated by at-
Tabaraani in al-Mu‘jam al-Kabeer
(491) via ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan ibn
al-‘Alaa’ ibn al-Lajlaaj, from his
father who said: My father said to
me: O my son, when I die, then
bury me, and when you place me in
my lahd (niche in the grave), say: In
the name of Allah and in accordance
with the religion of the Messenger
of Allah. Then fill in the grave, then
recite at my head the beginning and
end of Soorat al-Baqarah, for I
heard the Messenger of Allah
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) say that.
It was narrated by al-Bayhaqi
(7068), by al-Khallaal in al-Amr bi’l-
Ma‘roof wa’n-Nahy ‘an al-Munkar
(p. 87), and by ad-Daynoori in al-
Mujaalasah (757) as follows:
When I die, then place me in the
lahd (niche in the grave) and say: In
the name of Allah and in accordance
with the religion of the Messenger
of Allah. Then fill in the grave, then
recite at my head the Opening of
the Book (al-Faatihah), and the
beginning and end of al-Baqarah, for
I heard ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar say
that.
The second version is attributed to
‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar, therefore it is
mawqoof.
This is a da‘eef (weak) isnad. ‘Abd
ar-Rahmaan ibn al-‘Alaa’ ibn al-
Lajlaaj is majhool (unknown). Adh-
Dhahabi said in al-Mizaan (2/579):
No one narrated from him except
Mubashshir ibn Ismaa‘eel. End
quote.
Those who accepted this report
relied on the fact that Ibn Hibbaan
described this ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan as
being thiqah (trustworthy), but Ibn
Hibbaan (may Allah have mercy on
him) is known for being too lenient
in describing narrators as
trustworthy, to the extent that he
might include among the
trustworthy a narrator of whom he
clearly stated that he did not know
who he or his father were. Hence
al-Haafiz said in his biography of
this ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan in at-Taqreeb
(p. 348): His reports may be
accepted if there are corroborating
reports, otherwise his reports are
regarded as layyin (a kind of weak
hadith), as was stated in al-
Muqaddimah .

The saheeh (sound) report from Ibn
‘Umar is that which was narrated by
at-Tirmidhi (1046) via Naafi‘, from
Ibn ‘Umar, according to which the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) used to say,
when the deceased was placed in
the grave: “Bismillah wa billah wa
‘ala millati Rasoolillah ( In the name
of Allah, with the help of Allah, and
in accordance with the religion of
the Messenger of Allah).”
Following this report, at-Tirmidhi
said:
This hadith is hasan ghareeb with
this isnad. This hadith was narrated
with another isnad from Ibn ‘Umar,
from the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him). It was
narrated by Abu’s-Siddeeq an-Naaji,
from Ibn ‘Umar, from the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him). And it was also narrated
from Abu’s-Siddeeq an-Naaji, from
Ibn ‘Umar, in a mawqoof report. End
quote.
It was classed as saheeh by al-
Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.
This version of the hadith is what is
saheeh (sound).
It was also narrated by at-Tabaraani
in al-Mu‘jam al-Kabeer (13613) and
al-Bayhaqi in ash-Shu‘ab (8854), via
Yahya ibn ‘Abdillah al-Baablutti:
Ayyoob ibn Naheek told us: I heard
‘Ataa’ ibn Abi Rabaah say: I heard
Ibn ‘Umar say: I heard the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) say: “When one of you
dies, do not delay him [his burial];
hasten him to his grave and recite
at his head the Opening of the Book
(al-Faatihah) and at his feet the end
of al-Baqarah, when he has been
place in his grave.
This is a waahin (flimsy) isnad.
Ayyoob ibn Naheek was classed as
da‘eef (weak) by Abu Haatim and
others. Al-Azdi said: He is matrook
(to be rejected).
Mizaan al-I‘tidaal (1/294).
Regarding al-Baablutti, Ibn Abi
Haatim said: He narrates
problematic reports from
trustworthy narrators in which he
seems to be confused, so the
reports of which he is the only
narrator are not to be quoted as
evidence. Ibn ‘Adiyy said: The
impact of weakness on his hadith is
obvious.
Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (11/211).
Al-Albaani said in ad-Da‘eefah
(4140): A very weak (da‘eef jiddan)
hadith.
For more information, please see
Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz (1/192).
See also the answer to question no.
209278.
And Allah knows best.

islamqa.info/en/answers/262129/ruling-on-reciting-the-beginning-and-end-of-soorat-al-baqarah-after-burying-the-deceased

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