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Stats: 17,517 members, 69,821 Topics, 15,481 Comments. Date: Jun 26 2019, 11:09 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.

Is the name of the keeper of
Paradise Ridwaan? I heard a fatwa
of Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may
Allah have mercy on him) which
said: It is a well-known view that
Ridwaan is the name of the keeper
of Paradise, but I do not know of
any saheeh hadith that speaks of
that. Does what he said mean that
he confirmed that this name is

Summary of answer:
Conclusion: This name is not proven
in the saheeh hadiths, but the
scholars refer to the keeper of
Paradise by this name, and they
accepted this name; this issue in
one in which there is room for


Praise be to Allah.
It is well-known among the scholars
that the keeper of Paradise among
the angels is called Ridwaan, but
this name is not mentioned in the
Holy Qur’an or in the saheeh
sunnah. Rather it is mentioned in
some da‘eef (weak) reports.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have
mercy on him) said: Allah, may He
be glorified and exalted, called the
foremost among these keepers
Ridwaan, which is a name derived
from the word rida (pleasure); and
He called the keeper of Hell Maalik,
which is a name derived from the
word mulk , which refers to power
and strength.
End quote from Haadi al-Arwaah

An-Minnaawi said: The one who is
appointed to guard or keep Paradise
is called khaazin (translated above
as keeper) because Paradise is a
place that Allah, may He be exalted,
has prepared to keep His slaves in.
… The apparent meaning would
suggest that there is only one
keeper, but this is not what is
meant, based on a report narrated
by Abu Hurayrah: “Whoever spends
two types of wealth in Allah’s cause,
the keepers of Paradise, the keepers
of each gate, will call him, saying
‘Come in.’” This and other hadiths
clearly indicate that there is more
than one keeper, but Ridwaan is the
greatest of them and foremost
among them. As for the greatest
Messengers, they will be received by
the greatest of its keepers.
End quote from Fayd al-Qadeer
Al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer (may Allah
have mercy on him) said concerning
the angels:
Among them are some who are
appointed in charge of Paradise and
of preparing the honours for its
people, preparing welcoming gifts
for its inhabitants, such as
garments, jewellery, dwellings, food,
drink and other things such as no
eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor
has it crossed the mind of any
human. The keeper of Paradise is an
angel called Ridwaan, who is clearly
mentioned in some hadiths.
End quote from al-Bidaayah wa’n-
Nihaayah (1/53).
What is proven in the saheeh
hadiths is that his title is Khaazin
(Keeper), and his name is not
mentioned. It is proven in the
hadith about intercession that the
Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said: “I will come
to the gate of Paradise on the Day
of Resurrection and will ask for it to
be opened. The keeper will say: ‘Who
are you?’ I will say, ‘Muhammad.’ He
will say: ‘I was commanded not to
open it for anyone before you.”
Narrated by Muslim (197).

But the fact that this name
(Ridwaan) is narrated in some da‘eef
hadiths, in addition to the fact that
it is well-known among the scholars,
makes it acceptable to use this
name to refer to the keeper of
Paradise, in sha Allah.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-
Daa’imah (28/353):
Is Ridwaan the keeper of Paradise,
and where is his name mentioned?
Answer: What is well-known among
the scholars is that the name of the
keeper of Paradise is Ridwaan; he is
mentioned in some hadiths the
soundness of which is the matter of
a difference of scholarly opinion.
And Allah knows best. End quote.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah
have mercy on him) said:
With regard to Ridwaan, he is
appointed in charge of Paradise. This
name of his is not proven as
soundly and clearly as the name of
Maalik [i.e., the keeper of Hell], but
he is well-known among the
scholars by this name.
End quote from Majmoo‘ Fataawa
al-‘Uthaymeen (3/119).
And Allah knows best.


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