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Stats: 17,517 members, 69,821 Topics, 15,481 Comments. Date: Jun 26 2019, 10:47 am

Rufai Oladimeji
Lagos State University
100Level, Nigeria.
Why Do I Hiccup?

Once is funny, twice is hilarious, and anything
more than that is usually just annoying. We’ve
all had them, but do you actually know where
they come from? They’re hiccups , and they’re
the strange little sounds that can escape from
your mouth without warning.

Hiccups start much lower in your body,
though -- in the diaphragm, the dome-shaped
muscle between your lungs and stomach .

Normally, the diaphragm pulls down when you
inhale to let air into your lungs , and then
relaxes when you exhale so air can flow back
out of your lungs to exit your nose and mouth

But if something irritates your diaphragm, it
can spasm, forcing you to suddenly suck air
into your throat, where it hits your voice box.

That makes your vocal cords suddenly close,
creating the distinct “hic!” sound.

Why Do Hiccups Happen?

Hiccups can happen for a lot of reasons --
some of them are physical, and some
emotional. That’s because the actual irritation
happens in the nerve connecting the brain to
the diaphragm. Some common causes include:

* Eating too much or too quickly

* Feeling nervous or excited

* Drinking carbonated beverages or too
much alcohol

* Stress

* A sudden change in temperature

* Swallowing air while sucking on candy or
chewing gum

Long-term Hiccups

Hiccups are usually temporary, but in rare
cases, they can stick around -- for a while. It’s
usually because of damage or aggravation to
the nerves connected to the diaphragm.

Everything from a hair touching your eardrum
to a sore throat can affect these nerves, and
in more serious cases, a tumor, goiter , or cyst
in the neck can damage them.

Hiccups that last a while can also be because
of central nervous system disorders like
encephalitis or meningitis , or metabolic
disorders like diabetes or kidney failure .
Drugs like steroids or some tranquilizers
can trigger long-term hiccups, too.

And even certain procedures, especially ones
that require anesthesia, can give you hiccups.

If you’ve been hiccupping for more than 2
days, or if they are severe enough to interfere
with eating, breathing, sleeping or are causing
you distress, you should make an appointment
with your doctor.

Also, talk to your doctor immediately if you
have any kind of stomach pain, fever,
shortness of breath, vomiting, or cough up
blood with your hiccups.

How to Make Them Stop

If you’re hoping that hanging upside down or
having a friend scare you will get your
hiccups to stop, we hate to disappoint you.

But there’s no scientific proof that these
remedies work.

However, some experts think holding your
breath or breathing into a paper bag might do
the trick; both techniques make carbon
dioxide build up in your lungs, which might
relax the diaphragm.

If all else fails, and your hiccups continue for
several days or more, your doctor may try
different medications to see if she can put an
end to those uncomfortable hiccups. Good

WebMD Medical Reference
Reviewed by Renee A. Alli, MD on October 26,

Source: www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/why-do-i-hiccup

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