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Malaria: How Tazargade, Bitter-leaf Help. by Happy (f): 3:38pm on November 4
Adefusi Happiness Oluwapelumi
Animal nutrition and biotechnology
200Level, Nigeria.
-Tazargade is Nigeria’s specie of Artemisia Annua used in ACT malaria medicines
Malaria tops the major diseases that affect people in Nigeria, killing a large number of children and adults annually. Many people suffer several bouts of malaria attack in a year.

However, this shouldn’t be so as there are many plants growing around us, or that we could grow in our backyards to effectively tame the disease.
Hajiya Zainab Ujudud Shariff, a pharmacist and medicinal plant expert said these plants have immense benefits for our general health and are cheap, fast and easy remedies for malaria.
She said some of the plants include a species of Artemisia Annua commonly found in the northern part of the country called Tazargade, and scientifically known as Artemisia Absinthi.
Other plants include bitter-leaf, a common plant grown all year round in the country, and the yellow leaves of pawpaw among others.
She said God provided guava, mango and pawpaw trees around us as remedies for diseases like malaria that affect people in the region.
Pharmacist Shariff said the procedure of boiling Guava, mango, pawpaw tree leaves and inhaling the steam is called diaphoterism which strengthens the immune system, adding that the body has ability to heal itself when toned.
According to her, the process makes the kidney to be activated to fight foreign bodies or diseases, and enables blood to flow freely.
Pharmacist Shariff said there are two major ways of fighting malaria; either through killing the parasite or strengthening the body’s immunity against it. “When you take bitter juices like pawpaw leaves and bitter-leaf as well as Tazargade, it strengthens the red blood cells. When you have malaria, your red blood cells go down; bitter-leaf and other bitter juices rejuvenate the red blood cells.”
She said bitter leaf falls within the same group as Artemisia Annua.
Tazargade is a species of Artemisia Annua, which is indigenous to Nigeria and can be harnessed to effectively tackle malaria in the country.
Artemisia Annua, is grown in China and some other countries of the world. Pharmacist Zainab and other researchers first domesticated Artemisia Annua in Nigeria some years ago, and it can now grow in the country if all factors that enable it grow are put in place.
It is from this plant that Artemisinin is extracted and used in combination with other things to produce Artemisinin-Based-Combination Therapy, the malaria drug recommended by the World Health Organization( WHO) and in the country for tackling malaria. It has been researched into since 1970 for its efficacy in treating malaria.
Tazargade on the other hand can be seen as Nigeria’s version of Artemisia Annua as it is indigenous to Nigeria and has been used by people in the North for over 200 years in the management of malaria. Government can also harness this plant to produce anti-malaria drugs.
Pharmacist Shariff said Tazargade is good in treating malaria and feverish conditions. She said the powdered form is mostly used, adding that the onus is on scientists in the country and political will from government on encapsulating, producing, and packaging it as a drug in the country for malaria.
One way to use Tazargade for malaria is to put the powder in a tea cup, pour boiling water, add a touch of lemon, infuse for five to 10 minutes and add honey for extra benefit.
Pharmacist Shariff advised people to take it two to three times daily for two days.
Yellow pawpaw leafs, bitter leaf, others
Pharmacist Shariff said the yellow leaves of pawpaw are a strong remedy for malaria.
You can soak bitter-leaf or yellow pawpaw leaves in boiling water, and let it cool and take it as remedy for malaria, she said.
She said bitter plants work against malaria and that is why anti-malaria medicines are usually bitter.
The pharmacist advised people to keep their surroundings clean and ensure they have good nutrition.
She advised that when people have symptoms of fever or malaria they should improve their intake of green juices (bitter leaves, neem, and others) to boost their immunity against malaria.
She also urges people to go to hospital if they were not better after taking the herbal remedies for two days.

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